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Virginia Driver License & Permit Practice Tests

This Virginia Permit Practice Test
  Questions per test:25
  Question pool:500+
  Type of test:Random multiple-choice / True or False



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#1. Children from birth to 2 years should be secured:

The safest place to install a child safety seat is in the center of the back seat. Children should ride rear facing from birth to 2 years, or as long as the safety seat manufacturer allows. If the vehicle does not have a back seat, a rear facing child seat may be placed in the front passenger seat if the vehicle is not equipped with a passenger side air bag or if the passenger air bag is turned off. Children should ride facing forward in a child safety seat or booster seat until at least age 8, or until they can attain a proper seat belt fit. (Note that older versions of the manual have slightly different recommendations.)


#2. What is true about Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)?

Anti-lock braking systems are designed to help the driver maintain some steering ability and avoid skidding while braking. The brake pedal will pulsate as the ABS engages, this is normal. On very soft surfaces, such as loose gravel or unpacked snow, ABS may actually lengthen stopping distance.


#3. What does HOV mean?

HOV stands for High Occupancy Vehicle.


#4. You should look carefully for bicyclists, especially when:

Be aware of other traffic when exiting your vehicle. Look for other cars, bicyclists, and pedestrians before opening the door. Before turning, always check your mirrors for bicyclists that may be behind you and yield to bicycles in the lane.


#5. When making a left turn, you should do all the following, except:

To make a left turn you should not keep close to the right edge pavement marking.

Instead, you should be in the furthest left lane possible or in a left turn lane. Signal your intent to turn by using the proper turn signal. You should signal at least three to four seconds, 100 feet, ahead of the turn. Look in all directions, checking the intersection for pedestrians and traffic coming from the opposite direction. Keep your front wheels pointed straight ahead until you are actually going to make the left turn. This prevents you from being pushed into oncoming traffic if another vehicle crashes into you from behind. When the way is clear, make the left turn, yield to any vehicles (including bicycles and pedestrians) approaching from the opposite direction.

This question asked what you should NOT do.


#6. The driver ahead signals:

Slowing or stop – left arm extended downward, with palm of hand to the rear.


#7. In your lifetime, the chance that you'll be involved in an alcohol-related crash is:

In your lifetime, there’s a 50-50 chance that you’ll be involved in an alcohol-related crash.


#8. When two vehicles arrive at the same time at an uncontrolled intersection, which one should yield?

When two vehicles from different directions arrive at the same time at an intersection with no signs or signals, the driver on the left must allow the driver on the right to go first.

The driver approaching from the left must yield to the driver approaching from the right, who should be given the right-of-way.


#9. Which car or cars are driving in the truck's blind spots?

The yellow (A) car and the red (B) car. It is important to remember that there are several no-zones (blind spots) in which a truck driver cannot see other vehicles. These areas include both sides, rear, and front of the truck.


#10. In business districts without a speed limit sign, the speed limit is:

Legal speed limit in school zones, business or residential districts is 25 mph.


#11. You arrive at a roundabout. Before entering, you must:

When approaching a roundabout, slow down. Traffic laws concerning right-of-way still apply. You must yield to pedestrians in a crosswalk and to other traffic that is already in the roundabout.


#12. If a school bus with flashing red lights has stopped on the opposite side of a four-lane roadway without median separation, you should:

You must stop for stopped school buses with flashing red lights and an extended stop sign when you approach from any direction on a highway, private road, or school driveway. Stop and remain stopped until all persons are clear, and the bus moves again.

You must also stop if the bus is loading or unloading passengers and the signals are not on.

You do not have to stop if you are traveling in the opposite direction on a roadway with a median or barrier dividing the road and the bus is on the opposite side of the median or barrier.


#13. The basic speed law means you must drive slower than the posted speed limit:

A speed limit is the maximum legal speed you can travel on a road under ideal conditions. You may drive slower than the posted speed, but it is illegal to drive any faster. By law, you must drive slower if conditions such as road construction or bad weather make the posted speed unsafe.


#14. You are going on a long trip. How often should you take a rest stop?

Driving while you are sleepy reduces your ability to drive effectively. Your reaction time is slower, awareness is decreased, and judgment is impaired.

To avoid falling asleep at the wheel:

  • Get plenty of quality sleep before a trip.
  • Limit long distance driving. Stop at least every two hours for rest.
  • Keep the temperature cool in your vehicle.
  • Talk with passengers but not to the point of distraction.
  • Keep your eyes moving and check your mirrors often.
  • If possible, drive with a companion and switch drivers

#15. Which of the following freeze first when wet?

Watch for ice on bridges and in shady areas. Bridges freeze before other road surfaces.

Always approach bridges, shaded spots, overpasses and turns slowly.


#16. Your lane ends ahead and there is a large truck in the lane beside you. What is the best thing to do?

Slow down and merge behind the truck.

Cutting into the open space in front of a truck is dangerous. You could get rear-ended by a truck, bus, or RV if you cut in front too soon after passing the vehicle or if you cut in front and then suddenly slow down. The truck, bus and RV drivers would be forced to slam on their brakes. These vehicles need nearly twice the time and room to stop.


#17. True or false. Persons operating vehicles with air bags are not required to use a safety belt.

Persons in vehicles equipped with air bags are not exempted from the safety belt law.


#18. What should you do when you see this sign?

Large flashing or sequencing arrow panels may be used in work zones to guide drivers into certain traffic lanes and to inform them that part of the road ahead is closed.


#19. If you turn on high-beam headlights when driving in thick fog:

Fog reflects light and can reflect your own headlights back into your eyes. Use your low-beam lights when you encounter fog, dust, heavy rain, or snow.


#20. When passing a bicyclist, you should:

State law requires motorists to pass cyclists with at least three feet of clearance. Give them plenty of room when passing and be prepared to stop suddenly. Look for bicycles on all public roads.


#21. You should check your rearview mirrors:

Do not develop a fixed stare. Use your rearview mirror to frequently (about every 10 seconds) check the traffic behind you. This will alert you if someone is moving up too quickly or tailgating you. Check the traffic behind you when changing lanes, backing up, slowing down quickly, or driving down a long, steep hill.


#22. A traffic light with a green arrow indicates that:

At a green arrow, you may go in the direction of the arrow if the way is clear. Vehicles coming from the other direction are stopped by a red light, but a green arrow does not mean that all other traffic is stopped by a red light.


#23. If you meet an aggressive driver on the road:

If you see an aggressive driver, stay out of the way. Do not challenge the aggressive driver by speeding up or trying to out-maneuver him. Avoid eye contact and ignore his gestures and shouting.


#24. When you park on a hill headed uphill and there is no curb, you should turn your front wheels:

Headed either uphill or downhill and there is no curb, turn the wheels so the car will roll away from the center of the road if the brakes fail.


#25. When approaching deer standing near the roadside, you should:

Thousands of deer-vehicle crashes take place in Virginia each year, resulting in fatalities, injuries, and costly vehicle damage. To avoid hitting a deer, slow down if you see a deer near or crossing the road.

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The Official Virginia Written Knowledge Test
  Questions on real exam:Part I: 10
Part II: 25
  Passing score:Part I: 100%
Part II: 80%
  Correct answers to pass:Part I: 10
Part II: 20
  Allotted time to complete test:No limit
  Wait time before retest:1-15 days

Virginia DMV practice tests at Drivers Prep

This Virginia (VA) Permit Practice Test

This practice test helps you prepare for the second part of your knowledge examination. It has 25 questions about Virginia traffic laws, common road rules, and safe driving practices.

After each question, you can see if your answer is correct or not. If your answer is wrong, there is also a short explanation to help you understand the correct answer.

Keep the latest version of the Virginia Driver’s Manual handy and compare comments with the information in the manual. By reading up on your weaknesses, you will learn faster. If you don’t have the manual yet, you can quickly get the latest PDF-version online .

Remember, the practice tests are designed to help you study. Use them as a supplement to the Driver’s Manual – not instead of it.

The easy way to pass your Virginia DMV test

Two-part Knowledge Examination

To get your learner’s permit or driver license in Virginia, you must pass a two-part knowledge examination:

    A road sign identification test
    A general knowledge test

The first test addresses 10 of the road signs described in the driver’s manual. You must correctly identify all 10 signs by shape, colors, and/or symbols and messages. You can check your knowledge of the road signs here: Virginia road sign Recognition test .

The total passing score in Virginia is 86 percent. On the practice tests, you should aim for a perfect score of 100%. It is particularly important to know and understand all the road signs.

The second part will verify your general knowledge of laws, rules, and common driving practices. On this part, the passing score is 80 percent. Out of 25 questions, you need to correctly answer at least 20 questions to pass.

If you combine these two parts, the passing score is 86%, which is higher than in many other states .

Who Must Pass the Virginia Knowledge Exam?

  First-time applicants.

First-time applicants who hasn’t been licensed before must always pass all tests, including the written knowledge exam.

  Drivers who had their license revoked.

After a revocation of your Virginia driving privilege, your license may be restored only if you re-apply for a driver’s license. This means that you must pass all applicable tests again, including the written knowledge exam.

  Drivers who let their license expire for more than a year.

Don’t wait to renew your driver license. In some situations, you must take all tests again if you let your license expire more than one year.

  Drivers with a foreign driver license.

If you apply for a Virginia license and hold a valid driver’s license from another U.S. state, the knowledge exam is usually waived. The same applies if you are 19 or older and hold a valid license from Canada, Germany, France, or the Republic of Korea.

Applicants with a license from a country other than Canada, Germany, France, or the Republic of Korea and who are 19 years or older, may convert their license to a Virginia license only after successfully passing all tests.

Failing the Knowledge Exam

You can only take the written exam once per day.

If you fail the test and you are less than 18 years, you must wait a full 15 days before you can retake it. If you are 18 years or older, you can re-take it the next business day – but must pay an additional testing fee.

If you fail the knowledge exam three times, you must complete a driver education course before you can take the test a fourth time. The course must be part of driver education at a driver training school approved by DMV or the Department of Education. Note that driver improvement courses don’t meet this requirement!

Learn how to ace the DMV test !


The knowledge test is available in English and Spanish. But several other languages are also supported. For a complete list, check out .

Audio versions of the exam are available. Ask for a headset and audio support before you start the test.

Applicants with other needs or special help should let a DMV staff member know before the examination. We recommend that you always call ahead and explain your situation. Special accommodation may not be available at driving schools.

Virginia DMV Driver's Manual


Remember, you can’t:

  • Get help from others when taking the test.
  • Help another person during the test.
  • Try to get test questions or answers before the test.
  • Give another person exam questions or answers.
  • Use a cell phone or other electronic devices during the exam.


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