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Pennsylvania Driver License Tests & Permit Practice

This Pennsylvania Written Practice Test
  Number of questions on each test: 18
  Question pool: 500+
  Type of test: Random multiple-choice



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#1. To stop in an emergency situation with an Anti-Locking Brake System, you need to:

The correct way to stop quickly with conventional brakes is to pump the brakes. Drivers with ABS need to maintain firm and continuous pressure on the brake.


#2. What does this pattern on an arrow board mean?

There is a work area ahead. Drive with extra caution.

A flashing arrow board not indicating a direction either way is a signal to use caution.


#3. You are on a two-lane road. There is an oncoming car to your left and a child on a bicycle to your right. What should you do?

Instead of driving between the vehicle and the bicyclist, face them one at a time. Slow down and let the vehicle pass. Then move far to the left before you pass the bicyclist.


#4. When parking your vehicle by the side of a street and before opening your door, you should:

Open vehicle doors pose a very serious threat to bicyclists. When opening a vehicle door, drivers and passengers are suggested to do the following:

  1. Check your rear-view mirror.
  2. Check your side-view mirror.
  3. Open the door with your far hand (the hand farther from the door)

This is called the Dutch Reach method because it originated in the Netherlands. It forces your body to turn, which will better allow you to see approaching bicyclists. It also prevents the vehicle door from being opened too fast. This not only protects bicyclists, but can also prevent your door from being damaged or torn off by an approaching motor vehicle.


#5. If you run off the pavement, you should:

If you run off the pavement:

  • Ease off of the gas pedal.
  • Do not brake suddenly.
  • Keep a tight grip on the steering wheel, and steer parallel to the roadway.
  • Check for traffic approaching from the rear.
  • Turn on your left turn signal.
  • Gently steer left to ease the right wheels onto the pavement, when it is clear.

#6. This sign added to a stop sign means:

When you see the 4-way or all-way sign all approaching traffic to this intersection must stop.


#7. You may drive around lowered gates at a railroad crossing:

It is never allowed to drive around a lowered gate at a railroad crossing. Even if you do not see a train coming, never drive around a lowered gate or ignore the flashing lights.


#8. When you see this sign, you should:

Cross road. A road crosses the main highway ahead. Look in all directions for other traffic.


#9. What do pavement markings in the center of this road indicate?

Marking patterns like these may be found on many three-lane or five-lane highways. The outside, solid yellow centerline means you cannot use the center lane for passing. The inside, broken yellow and solid yellow centerlines show vehicles traveling in either direction may use the center lane only to make left turns.


#10. If you see this sign ahead, it means:

The Do not enter sign tells you that the road or street ahead is for one-way traffic traveling in the opposite direction. When you see this sign, do not drive onto that street


#11. Always look carefully for motorcycles before you turn at an intersection because:

Motorcycles are small and, therefore, more difficult to see. The smaller profile can make it more difficult to judge the speed and distance as they approach. Before turning left, be alert for motorcycles by looking carefully to the front and sides of your vehicle. Their size also allows them to duck easily into your blind spot. Always make a visual check for motorcycles by checking mirrors and blind spots by turning your head and looking before entering or leaving a lane of traffic and at intersections.


#12. Whenever you stop your car and go into a store to make a quick purchase, you:

Before leaving your vehicle, turn off the engine, remove the key and lock all doors. Check for traffic behind you before you get out.


#13. You are driving on a highway posted for 60 mph. Traffic around you is traveling at 70 mph. You may legally drive:

Your speed should be no faster than 60 mph. Never drive faster than the posted speed limit. All speed limits are based on ideal driving conditions. When the road is wet or slippery, when you cannot see well or when anything else makes conditions less than perfect, drive below the posted speed limit. Even if you are driving within the posted speed limit, you can still be ticketed for driving too fast for conditions.


#14. This sign (red X) means:

Lane-use control signals are special signals posted by the side of the road or overhead. They indicate whether you should or should not drive in a specific lane. A green arrow means you can use the lane. A red X means you cannot.

A flashing yellow X means the lane is only for turning. A steady yellow X means that the use of the lane is changing, and you should move out of it as soon as it is safe to do so.


#15. To avoid last minute moves, you should:

To avoid last minute moves, a driver must look far enough ahead to see and react to things early. Safe drivers tend to look at least ten seconds ahead of their vehicle.

But looking ahead does not mean looking at the middle of the road. It means seeing the whole scene, including the side of the road.


#16. Which car or cars are driving in the truck's blind spots?

The yellow (A) car and the red (B) car. Marked areas are the driver’s blind spots.


#17. Headlights are required at any time you cannot clearly see pedestrians or vehicles for a distance of at least:

Turn on your headlights when you cannot see pedestrians or vehicles on the highway for a distance of 1,000 feet ahead.


#18. When a traffic signal turns green, you:

A steady green light means you may drive through the intersection if the road is clear. You may also turn right or left unless a sign tells you not to.

Remember: Even if you have a green light, do not enter an intersection if there are vehicles blocking your way. Wait until you are sure you can clear the intersection before starting to cross it.

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Pennsylvania Written Knowledge Test
  Number of questions on exam: 18 questions
  Passing score: 84 percent
  Correct answers to pass: 15
  Allotted time to complete test: No limit
  Wait time before retest: 1 day

Pennsylvania Permit Practice at Driver's Prep

Pennsylvania (PennDot) Practice Tests

This permit practice test has 18 random study questions with answers found in the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual. All questions are specially designed for the state of Pennsylvania and you are likely to find some of them on your real PA PennDot knowledge exam.

After each question, you will get instant feedback to help you learn faster. If you miss a question, there is also a brief explanation which helps you understand the correct answer.

Using this practice test a couple of times is the easiest way to make sure you will pass the Pennsylvania knowledge test the first time.

How to Ace the DMV Test

How Should I Study?

Start by getting the latest version of the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual. You can get it from a PennDOT location near you or download it online .

Read the manual to get an overview of what you must learn.

Next step is to use the practice tests to verify your progress and level of readiness. The manual is handy for quick reference whenever you miss a question. Try to really understand each question and answer.

If you just aim at memorizing answers, you are much more likely to fail the exam.

Remember, you can take this test over and over until you have covered all important items. Each set of questions is random, which means that you will probably see new questions each time you take the test.

  How to Ace the driver’s license test .

What is the Passing Score on the PA Knowledge Test?

The passing score in Pennsylvania is 84 percent, which means you must answer at least 15 of 18 questions correctly.

On the practice tests, you should always aim for a full score. Since the real test only has 18 questions, you have little room for errors.

Who Must Take the Pennsylvania Knowledge Exam?

You must pass a knowledge exam if you have never been licensed before.

If you have a driver license from another state, but let your license expire for more than 6 months, you must also take the test.

PennDot will waive the test if your out-of-state driver license is valid or expired six months or less.

With an out-of-country license you must pass the knowledge test unless you are a citizen of France, Germany, or Canada and hold a valid license from your home country.

What's on the Written DMV Test - Driver's Prep

More about the Pennsylvania Written Test

The purpose of the PennDot knowledge exam is to verify your knowledge of traffic signs, Pennsylvania’s driving laws and safe driving practices.

You take the test on computer-based test stations. The test is available in Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Hindi, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese languages at all locations. Upon request, you can also take a voice (oral) test.

For individuals who are hearing-impaired and communicate by sign language the Bureau of Driver Licensing will provide an interpreter. Make sure you call your office ahead.

If you fail the test, you must wait one business day before you can take the test again.

  Risky Study Tactics .

Pennsylvania Knowledge Test FAQ

The Pennsylvania knowledge test for a learner's permit or driver's license has 18 questions. You need 15 correct answers to pass the test.

The Pennsylvania knowledge test for a learner's permit or driver's license is considered fairly easy. It has basic questions about Pennsylvania driving rules. You can miss 3 of the 18 questions on the test and still pass.

Under normal circumstances, you don't need to make an appointment. Look up your nearest service center, bring your completed Non-Commercial Learner's Permit Application (PDF), your completed Parent and Guardian Consent form (PDF) and required proof of identity and residency, and appropriate fee.

If you fail the knowledge test, you can take it again the next business day. Your fee is valid for three attempts. If you fail three times, you must pay the fee again.

More DMV tests to help you pass


What You Need to Know about the Pennsylvania Learner’s Permit

Holding a learner’s permit means you can begin your behind-the-wheel practice.

PennDOT issues the permit when you have completed a physical examination, vision screening and passed the knowledge test.

With your learner’s permit you must practice driving for at least six months before PennDOT allows you to take the road test for a junior license. The permit is valid one year.

The permit comes with some important rules:

    You cannot drive alone.

    The supervising driver must be 21 years or older.

An experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older must always accompany you. The supervising driver must sit beside you in a front seat.

    Night-time driving is restricted.

You cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. – unless for employment or for volunteer or charitable service.

    Passengers restrictions apply.

You can have only one non-family member under 18 in the vehicle unless a parent or legal guardian are in the vehicle.

    Avoid Driver Points.

Your permit will be suspended for 90 days if you accumulate six or more points or are convicted of a single high-speed violation (driving 26 miles per hour or more over the posted speed limit).

    Practice driving for at least 65 hours

Before moving on to the next step and take your skills test, a parent or guardian must certify that your behind-the-wheel practice included at least 65 hours of practical, adult-supervised driving experience.

Your driving practice must include 10 hours of night driving and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.



What You Need to Know about the Pennsylvania Junior License

After passing your road test, you are eligible for the Pennsylvania Junior License.

The following restrictions apply when driving with a Junior License:

    Night-time restrictions.

You cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. Exceptions for employment and volunteer or charitable service will apply, but young drivers must carry proper documentation regarding their need to travel.

    Passenger restrictions.

You can have only one non-family member under 18 with you in the vehicle. After six months, the restriction is no more than three passengers under 18.

Immediate family members are excluded from the restriction. The restriction also does not apply if a parent or legal guardian are in the vehicle with you.

Pennsylvania Learner’s Permit FAQ

With a learner's permit you cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. if you are under 18 years. You may, however, drive during these hours if it is for employment and for volunteer or charitable service. Under no circumstances are you allowed to drive without a supervising licensed driver who is 21 years or older.

There is no nighttime restriction if you are 18 years or older.

If you are under 18 years and hold a Pennsylvania Learner's Permit you can drive with only one non-family member under 18 in the vehicle. You may drive with family members and also friends that are 18 years or older. An experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older must always accompany you.

There is no passenger restriction if you are 18 years or older.

Yes, you may drive to work or school if an experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older is sitting beside you. Under no circumstances may you drive unsupervised.

If you are under 18 years there is a six-month waiting period before PennDOT lets you take the driving test. You must have completed at least 65 hours of driving practice, including 10 hours of night driving and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.

The graduated licensing law in Pennsylvania requires that you practice driving for at least 65 hours. These hours must include 10 hours of driving at night and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.

Pennsylvania Knowledge Test on Video

 Video: Pennsylvania Driver License Test – 18 Questions

 Video 2: Pennsylvania License Exam Questions and Answers

COVID-19 Information

Take These Precautions Pennsylvania Covid-19 Flyer

Open service centers currently offer limited services. Please find your service online to see how PennDot can best assist you.

You can visit a service center for your official knowledge test and a scheduled road test. Schedule your road test online or call 717-412-5300.

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