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Pennsylvania Driver License Tests & Permit Practice

This Pennsylvania Written Practice Test
  Number of questions on each test: 18
  Question pool: 500+
  Type of test: Random multiple-choice



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Or check your knowledge of Pennsylvania road signs!

PA common road signs

Do you want to try again?

Take another PA practice test

Or check your knowledge of Pennsylvania road signs!

PA common road signs

#1. To prepare for hazards on the road ahead, you should:

You need to continually scan the entire road, including the sides of the road. To avoid last minute moves, look down the road 10 to 15 seconds ahead of your vehicle so you can see hazards early. Keep a space cushion on all sides of your vehicle.


#2. If you want to leave an expressway and miss your exit, you should:

If you miss your exit, do not stop or back up. Go to the next exit, turn around and come back to the exit you missed.


#3. At a traffic light with a flashing yellow signal, you:

A flashing yellow light means caution. Slow down, look and proceed with care. You don’t need to stop for a flashing yellow light, but you must slow down and be especially alert before entering the intersection.


#4. First offense of Driving Under the Influence (DUI) by a minor under 21 years of age, is punishable by a fine of:

The high-rate table also applies to drivers under age 21 with a BAC of .02 or more. For the first offence, penalties are: 2 days to 6 months in prison, $500 – $5,000 fine, and a 12-month suspension.


#5. You should not use your horn:

Never honk your horn to encourage someone to drive faster or get out of the way.

Remember, you should use your horn when it is reasonably necessary to ensure safe operation. A light tap on the horn can be necessary when coming to a place where another driver or pedestrian might not see you, like a steep hill, a sharp curve, or exiting a narrow alley.

If there is a real danger, do not be afraid to honk your horn. For example, use your horn when a child is about to run into the street, when another vehicle is in danger of hitting you or if you have lost control of your vehicle.

There are several situations when you should not use your horn. They include:

  • Encouraging someone to drive faster or get out of the way.
  • Letting other drivers know they made a mistake.
  • Greeting a friend.
  • Around blind pedestrians.
  • Passing bicyclists.
  • When approaching horses.

#6. What does this sign mean?

This is a regulatory No Parking sign. It means that parking is not allowed at any time.


#7. This sign shows one type of:

Cross Road. A road crosses the main highway ahead. Look in all directions for other traffic.


#8. If your car stalls on railroad tracks and a train is approaching:

If you make the mistake of getting trapped on a railroad crossing and you cannot restart your car, get out and try to push it off the tracks. If a train is approaching, quickly leave the vehicle and move as far away from the track as you can. Move in the direction of the approaching train.


#9. What should you do when you see this sign?

There is a work area ahead. Drive with extra caution.

A flashing arrow board not indicating a direction either way is a signal to use caution.


#10. What does this sign mean?

The One-way sign is used in intersections to indicate streets or roadways upon which traffic is allowed to travel in one direction only. Do not turn against the arrow.


#11. If you have a tire blowout while driving, you should:

If you have a flat or blowout:

  • Hold the steering wheel tightly.
  • Stay off of your brake! Braking after a blowout will cause you to skid and lose control of your vehicle.
  • Slowly take your foot off the gas pedal and let the car come to a stop.
  • Steer where you want to go, but steer smoothly – do not make large or jerky steering actions.

#12. Which car or cars are driving in the truck's blind spots?

All three cars. Marked areas are the driver’s blind spots.


#13. A yield sign in your lane:

This is a yield sign.

Three-sided red yield signs mean you must slow down and be ready to stop to let any vehicle, bicyclist, or pedestrian pass before you proceed.


#14. Which is true about Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)?

With ABS, maintain firm and continuous pressure on the brake. Do not pump the brake pedal. Do not be alarmed by mechanical noises or slight pulsations.


#15. A pedestrian has entered a crosswalk and should be given the right-of-way:

Drivers must yield to pedestrians:

  • When pedestrians are crossing the roadway at an intersection without a traffic light (the crosswalk does not have to be marked).
  • When pedestrians are crossing the roadway in marked crosswalks, whether or not at an intersection.
  • When the driver is turning a corner and pedestrians are crossing with the light
  • .

  • When a blind pedestrian carrying a white cane or being led by a guide dog is crossing the street.
  • When pedestrians are crossing the sidewalk at a driveway or alley.

#16. When parking close to a crosswalk at an intersection, you must keep this distance:

Never stop, stand or park your vehicle within 20 feet of a crosswalk at an intersection.


#17. On a road with yellow center lines:

Yellow lines mark the center of a road used for traffic going in opposite directions.


#18. Before making a left turn, you should always check for bicyclists and motorcyclists because:

Be aware that motorcycles are small and may be difficult to see. Motorcycles have a much smaller profile than other vehicles, which can make it more difficult to judge the speed and distance of an approaching motorcycle. Approximately one-half of all motorcycle crashes involve another motor vehicle. Nearly 40 percent were caused by the other vehicle turning left in front of the motorcyclist.

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Pennsylvania Written Knowledge Test
  Number of questions on exam: 18 questions
  Passing score: 84 percent
  Correct answers to pass: 15
  Allotted time to complete test: No limit
  Wait time before retest: 1 day

Pennsylvania Permit Practice at Driver's Prep

Pennsylvania (PennDot) Practice Tests

This permit practice test has 18 random study questions with answers found in the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual. All questions are specially designed for the state of Pennsylvania and you are likely to find some of them on your real PA PennDot knowledge exam.

After each question, you will get instant feedback to help you learn faster. If you miss a question, there is also a brief explanation which helps you understand the correct answer.

Using this practice test a couple of times is the easiest way to make sure you will pass the Pennsylvania knowledge test the first time.

How to Ace the DMV Test

How Should I Study?

Start by getting the latest version of the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual. You can get it from a PennDOT location near you or download it online .

Read the manual to get an overview of what you must learn.

Next step is to use the practice tests to verify your progress and level of readiness. The manual is handy for quick reference whenever you miss a question. Try to really understand each question and answer.

If you just aim at memorizing answers, you are much more likely to fail the exam.

Remember, you can take this test over and over until you have covered all important items. Each set of questions is random, which means that you will probably see new questions each time you take the test.

  How to Ace the driver’s license test .

What is the Passing Score on the PA Knowledge Test?

The passing score in Pennsylvania is 84 percent, which means you must answer at least 15 of 18 questions correctly.

On the practice tests, you should always aim for a full score. Since the real test only has 18 questions, you have little room for errors.

Who Must Take the Pennsylvania Knowledge Exam?

You must pass a knowledge exam if you have never been licensed before.

If you have a driver license from another state, but let your license expire for more than 6 months, you must also take the test.

PennDot will waive the test if your out-of-state driver license is valid or expired six months or less.

With an out-of-country license you must pass the knowledge test unless you are a citizen of France, Germany, or Canada and hold a valid license from your home country.

What's on the Written DMV Test - Driver's Prep

More about the Pennsylvania Written Test

The purpose of the PennDot knowledge exam is to verify your knowledge of traffic signs, Pennsylvania’s driving laws and safe driving practices.

You take the test on computer-based test stations. The test is available in Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Hindi, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese languages at all locations. Upon request, you can also take a voice (oral) test.

For individuals who are hearing-impaired and communicate by sign language the Bureau of Driver Licensing will provide an interpreter. Make sure you call your office ahead.

If you fail the test, you must wait one business day before you can take the test again.

  Risky Study Tactics .

Pennsylvania Knowledge Test FAQ

The Pennsylvania knowledge test for a learner's permit or driver's license has 18 questions. You need 15 correct answers to pass the test.

The Pennsylvania knowledge test for a learner's permit or driver's license is considered fairly easy. It has basic questions about Pennsylvania driving rules. You can miss 3 of the 18 questions on the test and still pass.

Under normal circumstances, you don't need to make an appointment. Look up your nearest service center, bring your completed Non-Commercial Learner's Permit Application (PDF), your completed Parent and Guardian Consent form (PDF) and required proof of identity and residency, and appropriate fee.

If you fail the knowledge test, you can take it again the next business day. Your fee is valid for three attempts. If you fail three times, you must pay the fee again.

More DMV tests to help you pass


What You Need to Know about the Pennsylvania Learner’s Permit

Holding a learner’s permit means you can begin your behind-the-wheel practice.

PennDOT issues the permit when you have completed a physical examination, vision screening and passed the knowledge test.

With your learner’s permit you must practice driving for at least six months before PennDOT allows you to take the road test for a junior license. The permit is valid one year.

The permit comes with some important rules:

    You cannot drive alone.

    The supervising driver must be 21 years or older.

An experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older must always accompany you. The supervising driver must sit beside you in a front seat.

    Night-time driving is restricted.

You cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. – unless for employment or for volunteer or charitable service.

    Passengers restrictions apply.

You can have only one non-family member under 18 in the vehicle unless a parent or legal guardian are in the vehicle.

    Avoid Driver Points.

Your permit will be suspended for 90 days if you accumulate six or more points or are convicted of a single high-speed violation (driving 26 miles per hour or more over the posted speed limit).

    Practice driving for at least 65 hours

Before moving on to the next step and take your skills test, a parent or guardian must certify that your behind-the-wheel practice included at least 65 hours of practical, adult-supervised driving experience.

Your driving practice must include 10 hours of night driving and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.



What You Need to Know about the Pennsylvania Junior License

After passing your road test, you are eligible for the Pennsylvania Junior License.

The following restrictions apply when driving with a Junior License:

    Night-time restrictions.

You cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. Exceptions for employment and volunteer or charitable service will apply, but young drivers must carry proper documentation regarding their need to travel.

    Passenger restrictions.

You can have only one non-family member under 18 with you in the vehicle. After six months, the restriction is no more than three passengers under 18.

Immediate family members are excluded from the restriction. The restriction also does not apply if a parent or legal guardian are in the vehicle with you.

Pennsylvania Learner’s Permit FAQ

With a learner's permit you cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. if you are under 18 years. You may, however, drive during these hours if it is for employment and for volunteer or charitable service. Under no circumstances are you allowed to drive without a supervising licensed driver who is 21 years or older.

There is no nighttime restriction if you are 18 years or older.

If you are under 18 years and hold a Pennsylvania Learner's Permit you can drive with only one non-family member under 18 in the vehicle. You may drive with family members and also friends that are 18 years or older. An experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older must always accompany you.

There is no passenger restriction if you are 18 years or older.

Yes, you may drive to work or school if an experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older is sitting beside you. Under no circumstances may you drive unsupervised.

If you are under 18 years there is a six-month waiting period before PennDOT lets you take the driving test. You must have completed at least 65 hours of driving practice, including 10 hours of night driving and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.

The graduated licensing law in Pennsylvania requires that you practice driving for at least 65 hours. These hours must include 10 hours of driving at night and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.

Pennsylvania Knowledge Test on Video

 Video: Pennsylvania Driver License Test – 18 Questions

 Video 2: Pennsylvania License Exam Questions and Answers

Pennsylvania Road Sign Test – 15 Road Signs

This practice test offers a different way of studying some of the common road signs that may show up on your official driver license test in Pennsylvania. It has 15 questions about the road signs described in the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual.

Pennsylvania road sign test

COVID-19 Information

Open service centers currently offer limited services. Please find your service online to see how PennDot can best assist you.

You can visit a service center for your official knowledge test and a scheduled road test. Schedule your road test online or call 717-412-5300.

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