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Pennsylvania Driver License Tests & Permit Practice

This Pennsylvania Written Practice Test
  Number of questions on each test:18
  Question pool:500+
  Type of test:Random multiple-choice



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Or check your knowledge of Pennsylvania road signs!

PA common road signs

Do you want to try again?

Take another PA practice test

Or check your knowledge of Pennsylvania road signs!

PA common road signs

#1. When using low beam headlights:

Drive below the speed limit when using low beams. Stay in the middle of your lane. Low beam headlights shine only about 250 feet ahead, and their beam is low and narrow. It is very difficult to see some hazards, like a pedestrian beside the road. Even in visible areas, you cannot see far enough to stop from 55 mph with low beam headlights.


#2. At a traffic light with a flashing yellow signal, you:

A flashing yellow light means caution. Slow down, look and proceed with care. You don’t need to stop for a flashing yellow light, but you must slow down and be especially alert before entering the intersection.


#3. Always allow extra room in front of your vehicle when following:

Allow a longer following distance than usual when you are following a large vehicle blocking your view ahead. You need extra room to see around the vehicle.

Remember, drivers of trucks, buses, vans, or cars pulling campers or trailers often have large blind spots directly behind them. They may slow down suddenly without knowing you are behind them.


#4. If you see this sign above your lane, you:

Exit only means you must exit the freeway if you stay in this lane.


#5. Which is true about large trucks?

Generally speaking, the bigger trucks are the more room they need to maneuver.


#6. When sharing the road with a motorcyclist it is unlawful and hazardous to:

According to the law, you must allow the motorcyclist/moped driver to use one (1) complete lane.

A motorcycle is a full-size vehicle with the same privileges as any vehicle on the roadway. Allow a motorcyclist a full lane width. Although it may seem as though there is enough room in the traffic lane for a vehicle and a motorcycle, remember the motorcycle needs room to maneuver safely. Do not share the lane.


#7. What is the speed limit in school zones?

In school zones, the speed limit is 15 mph when the lights on the school zone sign are flashing or during the time period indicated on signs. School zone speed limits are lower than on regular roads.


#8. What does this sign mean?

Sharp Turn. The road will make a sharp turn to the left.


#9. When you are planning to make a turn when driving slower than 35 mph, you should start signaling:

Under Pennsylvania law, you must always use your turn signals at least 100 feet before turning if you are driving less than 35 miles per hour. If you are driving 35 miles per hour or more, you must signal at least 300 feet before turning.


#10. It is allowed to drive around or under a lowered gate at a railroad crossing, when:

It is never allowed to drive around a lowered gate at a railroad crossing. Even if you do not see a train coming, never drive around a lowered gate or ignore the flashing lights.


#11. When you see this sign, you should:

The side road sign tells you that there is an intersection ahead. Watch out for traffic entering from the side road and oncoming traffic turning.


#12. What should you do when you see this sign?

There is a work area ahead. Drive with extra caution.

A flashing arrow board not indicating a direction either way is a signal to use caution.


#13. You want to turn left ahead. There is a turn lane in the center of the road. What should you do?

This lane may only be used for left turns. Drivers traveling in either direction must use this lane to begin their left turns, and drivers entering the road may also use this lane to end their left turn from a cross street before entering the traffic stream. Do not get into the center turn lane too soon. Use your turn signal. When you enter the center turn lane, enter it completely. Turn only when it is safe.


#14. It is illegal to park a vehicle if a flashing beacon is within:

Never stop, stand or park your vehicle within 30 feet of any flashing signal, stop sign, yield sign, or traffic control device located at the side of a roadway.


#15. Which shape is a road sign that tells you there is a school crossing ahead?

The pentagon (five-sided) shape warns you of school zones and marks school crossings.


#16. When driving in a fog, you should:

Fog is probably the most dangerous driving environment. You cannot see what you are about to hit, and others cannot see you either. Slow down enough so you can stop safely within the distance that you can see. Turn on your low beam headlights so others can see you. Do not use your high beams. If you are involved in a collision, get your car off the road as quickly as possible.


#17. If you hold a junior driver's license and accumulate six or more points on you driving record, you will face:

You will receive a mandatory 90-day suspension if you accumulate six (6) or more points or are convicted of driving 26 miles per hour or more over the posted speed limit.


#18. Hydroplaning occurs:

At excessive speeds, your vehicle can begin to hydroplane on a wet roadway. Hydroplaning happens when your tires lose their grip on the road and ride like skis on a film of water. The faster you drive on a wet roadway, the less effective your tires become at wiping the water from the road. You can hydroplane at speeds as low as 35 mph, when water is only 1/10 of an inch deep. Worn tires make this problem worse. Hydroplaning can be reduced by driving slower.

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Pennsylvania Written Knowledge Test
  Number of questions on exam:18 questions
  Passing score:84 percent
  Correct answers to pass:15
  Allotted time to complete test:No limit
  Wait time before retest:1 day

Pennsylvania Permit Practice at Driver's Prep

Pennsylvania (PennDot) Practice Tests

This permit practice test has 18 random study questions with answers found in the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual. All questions are specially designed for the state of Pennsylvania and you are likely to find some of them on your real PA PennDot knowledge exam.

After each question, you will get instant feedback to help you learn faster. If you miss a question, there is also a brief explanation which helps you understand the correct answer.

Using this practice test a couple of times is the easiest way to make sure you will pass the Pennsylvania knowledge test the first time.

How to Ace the DMV Test

How Should I Study?

Start by getting the latest version of the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual. You can get it from a PennDOT location near you or download it online .

Read the manual to get an overview of what you must learn.

Next step is to use the practice tests to verify your progress and level of readiness. The manual is handy for quick reference whenever you miss a question. Try to really understand each question and answer.

If you just aim at memorizing answers, you are much more likely to fail the exam.

Remember, you can take this test over and over until you have covered all important items. Each set of questions is random, which means that you will probably see new questions each time you take the test.

  How to Ace the driver’s license test .

What is the Passing Score on the PA Knowledge Test?

The passing score in Pennsylvania is 84 percent, which means you must answer at least 15 of 18 questions correctly.

On the practice tests, you should always aim for a full score. Since the real test only has 18 questions, you have little room for errors.

Who Must Take the Pennsylvania Knowledge Exam?

You must pass a knowledge exam if you have never been licensed before.

If you have a driver license from another state, but let your license expire for more than 6 months, you must also take the test.

PennDot will waive the test if your out-of-state driver license is valid or expired six months or less.

With an out-of-country license you must pass the knowledge test unless you are a citizen of France, Germany, or Canada and hold a valid license from your home country.

What's on the Written DMV Test - Driver's Prep

More about the Pennsylvania Written Test

The purpose of the PennDot knowledge exam is to verify your knowledge of traffic signs, Pennsylvania’s driving laws and safe driving practices.

You take the test on computer-based test stations. The test is available in Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Hindi, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese languages at all locations. Upon request, you can also take a voice (oral) test.

For individuals who are hearing-impaired and communicate by sign language the Bureau of Driver Licensing will provide an interpreter. Make sure you call your office ahead.

If you fail the test, you must wait one business day before you can take the test again.

  Risky Study Tactics .

Pennsylvania Knowledge Test FAQ

The Pennsylvania knowledge test for a learner's permit or driver's license has 18 questions. You need 15 correct answers to pass the test.

The Pennsylvania knowledge test for a learner's permit or driver's license is considered fairly easy. It has basic questions about Pennsylvania driving rules. You can miss 3 of the 18 questions on the test and still pass.

Under normal circumstances, you don't need to make an appointment. Look up your nearest service center, bring your completed Non-Commercial Learner's Permit Application (PDF), your completed Parent and Guardian Consent form (PDF) and required proof of identity and residency, and appropriate fee.

If you fail the knowledge test, you can take it again the next business day. Your fee is valid for three attempts. If you fail three times, you must pay the fee again.

More DMV tests to help you pass


What You Need to Know about the Pennsylvania Learner’s Permit

Holding a learner’s permit means you can begin your behind-the-wheel practice.

PennDOT issues the permit when you have completed a physical examination, vision screening and passed the knowledge test.

With your learner’s permit you must practice driving for at least six months before PennDOT allows you to take the road test for a junior license. The permit is valid one year.

The permit comes with some important rules:

    You cannot drive alone.

    The supervising driver must be 21 years or older.

An experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older must always accompany you. The supervising driver must sit beside you in a front seat.

    Night-time driving is restricted.

You cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. – unless for employment or for volunteer or charitable service.

    Passengers restrictions apply.

You can have only one non-family member under 18 in the vehicle unless a parent or legal guardian are in the vehicle.

    Avoid Driver Points.

Your permit will be suspended for 90 days if you accumulate six or more points or are convicted of a single high-speed violation (driving 26 miles per hour or more over the posted speed limit).

    Practice driving for at least 65 hours

Before moving on to the next step and take your skills test, a parent or guardian must certify that your behind-the-wheel practice included at least 65 hours of practical, adult-supervised driving experience.

Your driving practice must include 10 hours of night driving and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.



What You Need to Know about the Pennsylvania Junior License

After passing your road test, you are eligible for the Pennsylvania Junior License.

The following restrictions apply when driving with a Junior License:

    Night-time restrictions.

You cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. Exceptions for employment and volunteer or charitable service will apply, but young drivers must carry proper documentation regarding their need to travel.

    Passenger restrictions.

You can have only one non-family member under 18 with you in the vehicle. After six months, the restriction is no more than three passengers under 18.

Immediate family members are excluded from the restriction. The restriction also does not apply if a parent or legal guardian are in the vehicle with you.

Pennsylvania Learner’s Permit FAQ

With a learner's permit you cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. if you are under 18 years. You may, however, drive during these hours if it is for employment and for volunteer or charitable service. Under no circumstances are you allowed to drive without a supervising licensed driver who is 21 years or older.

There is no nighttime restriction if you are 18 years or older.

If you are under 18 years and hold a Pennsylvania Learner's Permit you can drive with only one non-family member under 18 in the vehicle. You may drive with family members and also friends that are 18 years or older. An experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older must always accompany you.

There is no passenger restriction if you are 18 years or older.

Yes, you may drive to work or school if an experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older is sitting beside you. Under no circumstances may you drive unsupervised.

If you are under 18 years there is a six-month waiting period before PennDOT lets you take the driving test. You must have completed at least 65 hours of driving practice, including 10 hours of night driving and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.

The graduated licensing law in Pennsylvania requires that you practice driving for at least 65 hours. These hours must include 10 hours of driving at night and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.

Pennsylvania Knowledge Test on Video

 Video: Pennsylvania Driver License Test – 18 Questions

 Video 2: Pennsylvania License Exam Questions and Answers

Pennsylvania Road Sign Test – 15 Road Signs

This practice test offers a different way of studying some of the common road signs that may show up on your official driver license test in Pennsylvania. It has 15 questions about the road signs described in the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual.

Pennsylvania road sign test

COVID-19 Information

Open service centers currently offer limited services. Please find your service online to see how PennDot can best assist you.

You can visit a service center for your official knowledge test and a scheduled road test. Schedule your road test online or call 717-412-5300.

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