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Pennsylvania Driver License Tests & Permit Practice

This Pennsylvania Written Practice Test
  Number of questions on each test: 18
  Question pool: 500+
  Type of test: Random multiple-choice



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Or check your knowledge of Pennsylvania road signs!

PA common road signs

Do you want to try again?

Take another PA practice test

Or check your knowledge of Pennsylvania road signs!

PA common road signs

#1. What is an important reason for increasing the distance between your car and a large vehicle ahead?

Allow a longer following distance than usual when you are following a large vehicle blocking your view ahead. You need extra room to see around the vehicle.

Remember, drivers of trucks, buses, vans, or cars pulling campers or trailers often have large blind spots directly behind them. They may slow down suddenly without knowing you are behind them.


#2. When approaching an intersection to make a left turn and oncoming traffic prevents you from making an immediate turn, you should:

Yield to any approaching traffic close enough to be a hazard. Deciding when traffic is too close takes experience and judgment. If you have any doubt, wait for traffic to pass before turning left.


#3. When you enter city traffic from a full stop (pulling away from the curb), you should:

Whenever you cross or enter city traffic from a full stop, you will need a large enough gap (from cars approaching in either direction) to get up to the speed of other vehicles.


#4. This sign tells you that:

Reduction of lanes. There will be fewer lanes ahead. Traffic must merge left. Drivers in the left lane should allow others to merge smoothly. Right lane ends.


#5. When must you turn on your headlights?

State law requires drivers to use their headlights:

  • When they cannot see because of insufficient light on gray days or in heavy traffic when their vehicle may seem to blend in with the surroundings.
  • When there are unfavorable atmospheric conditions, including rain, snow, sleet, hail, fog, smoke, or smog. In bad weather, use only low beams. High beams actually reduce visibility under these conditions.
  • When they cannot see pedestrians or vehicles on the highway for a distance of 1,000 feet ahead of the vehicle they are operating.
  • Between sunset and sunrise.
  • When driving through work zones.
  • Anytime your vehicle’s wipers are in continuous or intermittent use due to weather conditions.

#6. Parking close to fire station driveway is illegal if you park:

Never stop, stand or park your vehicle within 20 feet of a driveway entrance to any fire station.


#7. When approaching a stationary emergency vehicle with flashing lights, you should:

The Steer Clear law, which went into effect Sept. 8, 2006, requires motorists to move into a lane that is not adjacent to an emergency response area. If drivers cannot move over because of traffic or other conditions, they must reduce their speed.


#8. What does a solid white line between lanes mean?

Solid white lines mark traffic lanes going in the same direction and is used where crossing the lane line markings is discouraged.


#9. Which lane should you use if traveling straight ahead?

A steady downward green arrow over a traffic lane means you may use the lane. A red X means you cannot.

These signals may be placed directly over lanes to control traffic. They are commonly used at toll booths, on bridges, tunnels and on multi-lane roads in cities where the direction of travel for a particular lane changes to ease the flow of traffic into or out of the city during peak rush hour.


#10. At a traffic signal showing a green light, you must yield to other vehicles:

A steady green light means you may drive through the intersection if the road is clear. You may also turn right or left unless a sign tells you not to.

Remember: Even if you have a green light, do not enter an intersection if there are vehicles blocking your way. Wait until you are sure you can clear the intersection before starting to cross it.


#11. If you have a tire blowout while driving, you should:

If you have a flat or blowout:

  • Hold the steering wheel tightly.
  • Stay off of your brake! Braking after a blowout will cause you to skid and lose control of your vehicle.
  • Slowly take your foot off the gas pedal and let the car come to a stop.
  • Steer where you want to go, but steer smoothly – do not make large or jerky steering actions.

#12. Minimum age for a Class C driver's license is:

Minimum age for a Class C driver’s license is 16.


#13. Which is the background color on a road sign like this?

Yellow is used for general warning and advisory of unexpected roadway conditions.


#14. When driving 35 mph or more and turning left or right, you must signal during the last:

Under Pennsylvania law, you must always use your turn signals at least 100 feet before turning if you are driving less than 35 miles per hour. If you are driving 35 miles per hour or more, you must signal at least 300 feet before turning.


#15. If you have been drinking alcohol, what will help you to sober up?

Some myths about drinking alcohol say that taking cold showers, drinking black coffee, or exercising will sober a person up. This is not true. Only time will sober you up.


#16. When you see emergency lights behind you, you should:

Activate your turn signal and drive as close as safely possible to the right edge of the road, stop, and park your vehicle safely away from traffic.

Limit your movements and the movements of your passengers. Do not reach for anything in the vehicle.

Place your hands on the steering wheel, and ask any passengers to have their hands in view.

Stay inside your vehicle unless the officer asks you to get out.

Wait until the officer asks you to retrieve your driver’s license, registration, and insurance cards.


#17. What does this sign mean?

Sharp Turn. The road will make a sharp turn to the left.


#18. If you approach a stopped school bus with flashing red lights on this roadway, you must:

When a school bus stops and its red lights are flashing and its stop arm is extended, you must stop at least 10 feet away from the bus, whether you are behind the bus, coming toward it on the same roadway or approaching an intersection at which the school bus is stopped. Remain stopped until the red lights stop flashing, the stop arm has been withdrawn and the children have reached a safe place.

There is only one exception to the school bus stopping requirement. If you are approaching a school bus that is stopped with its red lights flashing and stop arm extended and you are driving on a separate roadway or the opposite side of a divided highway, you do not have to stop.

Separate or divided roadways are roads that are divided by physical barriers such as metal median barriers (guide rails), concrete median barriers, and non-mountable curbs.

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Pennsylvania Written Knowledge Test
  Number of questions on exam: 18 questions
  Passing score: 84 percent
  Correct answers to pass: 15
  Allotted time to complete test: No limit
  Wait time before retest: 1 day

Pennsylvania Permit Practice at Driver's Prep

Pennsylvania (PennDot) Practice Tests

This permit practice test has 18 random study questions with answers found in the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual. All questions are specially designed for the state of Pennsylvania and you are likely to find some of them on your real PA PennDot knowledge exam.

After each question, you will get instant feedback to help you learn faster. If you miss a question, there is also a brief explanation which helps you understand the correct answer.

Using this practice test a couple of times is the easiest way to make sure you will pass the Pennsylvania knowledge test the first time.

How to Ace the DMV Test

How Should I Study?

Start by getting the latest version of the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual. You can get it from a PennDOT location near you or download it online .

Read the manual to get an overview of what you must learn.

Next step is to use the practice tests to verify your progress and level of readiness. The manual is handy for quick reference whenever you miss a question. Try to really understand each question and answer.

If you just aim at memorizing answers, you are much more likely to fail the exam.

Remember, you can take this test over and over until you have covered all important items. Each set of questions is random, which means that you will probably see new questions each time you take the test.

  How to Ace the driver’s license test .

What is the Passing Score on the PA Knowledge Test?

The passing score in Pennsylvania is 84 percent, which means you must answer at least 15 of 18 questions correctly.

On the practice tests, you should always aim for a full score. Since the real test only has 18 questions, you have little room for errors.

Who Must Take the Pennsylvania Knowledge Exam?

You must pass a knowledge exam if you have never been licensed before.

If you have a driver license from another state, but let your license expire for more than 6 months, you must also take the test.

PennDot will waive the test if your out-of-state driver license is valid or expired six months or less.

With an out-of-country license you must pass the knowledge test unless you are a citizen of France, Germany, or Canada and hold a valid license from your home country.

What's on the Written DMV Test - Driver's Prep

More about the Pennsylvania Written Test

The purpose of the PennDot knowledge exam is to verify your knowledge of traffic signs, Pennsylvania’s driving laws and safe driving practices.

You take the test on computer-based test stations. The test is available in Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Hindi, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese languages at all locations. Upon request, you can also take a voice (oral) test.

For individuals who are hearing-impaired and communicate by sign language the Bureau of Driver Licensing will provide an interpreter. Make sure you call your office ahead.

If you fail the test, you must wait one business day before you can take the test again.

  Risky Study Tactics .

Pennsylvania Knowledge Test FAQ

The Pennsylvania knowledge test for a learner's permit or driver's license has 18 questions. You need 15 correct answers to pass the test.

The Pennsylvania knowledge test for a learner's permit or driver's license is considered fairly easy. It has basic questions about Pennsylvania driving rules. You can miss 3 of the 18 questions on the test and still pass.

Under normal circumstances, you don't need to make an appointment. Look up your nearest service center, bring your completed Non-Commercial Learner's Permit Application (PDF), your completed Parent and Guardian Consent form (PDF) and required proof of identity and residency, and appropriate fee.

If you fail the knowledge test, you can take it again the next business day. Your fee is valid for three attempts. If you fail three times, you must pay the fee again.

More DMV tests to help you pass


What You Need to Know about the Pennsylvania Learner’s Permit

Holding a learner’s permit means you can begin your behind-the-wheel practice.

PennDOT issues the permit when you have completed a physical examination, vision screening and passed the knowledge test.

With your learner’s permit you must practice driving for at least six months before PennDOT allows you to take the road test for a junior license. The permit is valid one year.

The permit comes with some important rules:

    You cannot drive alone.

    The supervising driver must be 21 years or older.

An experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older must always accompany you. The supervising driver must sit beside you in a front seat.

    Night-time driving is restricted.

You cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. – unless for employment or for volunteer or charitable service.

    Passengers restrictions apply.

You can have only one non-family member under 18 in the vehicle unless a parent or legal guardian are in the vehicle.

    Avoid Driver Points.

Your permit will be suspended for 90 days if you accumulate six or more points or are convicted of a single high-speed violation (driving 26 miles per hour or more over the posted speed limit).

    Practice driving for at least 65 hours

Before moving on to the next step and take your skills test, a parent or guardian must certify that your behind-the-wheel practice included at least 65 hours of practical, adult-supervised driving experience.

Your driving practice must include 10 hours of night driving and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.



What You Need to Know about the Pennsylvania Junior License

After passing your road test, you are eligible for the Pennsylvania Junior License.

The following restrictions apply when driving with a Junior License:

    Night-time restrictions.

You cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. Exceptions for employment and volunteer or charitable service will apply, but young drivers must carry proper documentation regarding their need to travel.

    Passenger restrictions.

You can have only one non-family member under 18 with you in the vehicle. After six months, the restriction is no more than three passengers under 18.

Immediate family members are excluded from the restriction. The restriction also does not apply if a parent or legal guardian are in the vehicle with you.

Pennsylvania Learner’s Permit FAQ

With a learner's permit you cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. if you are under 18 years. You may, however, drive during these hours if it is for employment and for volunteer or charitable service. Under no circumstances are you allowed to drive without a supervising licensed driver who is 21 years or older.

There is no nighttime restriction if you are 18 years or older.

If you are under 18 years and hold a Pennsylvania Learner's Permit you can drive with only one non-family member under 18 in the vehicle. You may drive with family members and also friends that are 18 years or older. An experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older must always accompany you.

There is no passenger restriction if you are 18 years or older.

Yes, you may drive to work or school if an experienced, licensed driver 21 years or older is sitting beside you. Under no circumstances may you drive unsupervised.

If you are under 18 years there is a six-month waiting period before PennDOT lets you take the driving test. You must have completed at least 65 hours of driving practice, including 10 hours of night driving and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.

The graduated licensing law in Pennsylvania requires that you practice driving for at least 65 hours. These hours must include 10 hours of driving at night and five hours of driving in poor weather conditions.

Pennsylvania Knowledge Test on Video

 Video: Pennsylvania Driver License Test – 18 Questions

 Video 2: Pennsylvania License Exam Questions and Answers

Pennsylvania Road Sign Test – 15 Road Signs

This practice test offers a different way of studying some of the common road signs that may show up on your official driver license test in Pennsylvania. It has 15 questions about the road signs described in the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual.

Pennsylvania road sign test

COVID-19 Information

Open service centers currently offer limited services. Please find your service online to see how PennDot can best assist you.

You can visit a service center for your official knowledge test and a scheduled road test. Schedule your road test online or call 717-412-5300.

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