Quick Facts about the Alabama Permit Exam
|What You Should Know|
|Number of questions on exam:||30|
|Passing score:||80 percent|
|Correct answers to pass:||24|
|Allotted time to complete test:||Unlimited|
|Wait time before retest:||0 (same day – requires a new fee)|
|Number of questions on each practice test:||30 (randomized)|
#1. The driver in front of you signals (left arm extended horizontally out of open window):
Left turn – left arm extended horizontally out of open window.
#2. Children must ride rear-facing until they are:
The new Alabama law requires children to be in rear-facing infant car seats until they are one year or weigh 20 pounds. After that, they must be in forward-facing child car seats until they are five or weigh 40 pounds, in booster seats until they turn six, and in regular seat belts until they turn 15.
#3. When driving at night, be sure that you can stop:
Over driving headlights is a common and dangerous practice. You should never drive so fast that you cannot stop within the distance you can see ahead with your lights.
Remember, excessive speed is more dangerous at night because of limited visibility. You can see only as far as your headlights carry, and at high speeds this does not give you sufficient stopping distance.
#4. What does Alabama's basic speed law mean?
Speed limits are posted for ideal conditions.
Alabama’s basic speed law states that you must never drive a vehicle at a speed that is faster than reasonable under existing conditions.
Consider road, weather, and your vehicle condition, as well as your own physical condition. What might be a reasonable speed at one time may not be reasonable at another time because of conditions.
#5. You should check your rearview mirrors:
To be a good driver and avoid last-minute moves, you must know what is happening around your vehicle. You must look ahead, to the sides and behind the vehicle. Scanning helps you see problems ahead, vehicles and people that may be in the road by the time you reach them, signs warning of problems ahead and signs giving you directions.
#6. When driving past this sign:
You have entered a lane of oncoming traffic. You are traveling in the wrong direction. Turn around!
The Wrong Way sign is a supplement to the Do Not Enter sign. It is placed along the exit ramp or the one-way roadway farther from the crossroad. It is used to identify a one-way street, expressway ramp or the wrong direction or wrong side of a divided highway.
#7. When you approach a traffic signal displaying a steady yellow light, you must:
A steady yellow light means caution. It is a warning to drivers and pedestrians that the green light period is about to end, you must clear the intersection.
Do not enter the intersection, if you can stop safely.
If you cannot stop safely, proceed through the intersection with caution.
#8. What does this sign mean?
Divided highway ends.
The divided road ends ahead. Two-way traffic will no longer be divided by a center island. You will be on an undivided roadway with two-way traffic. Keep to the right.
#9. To make a right turn at a corner with a bicycle lane, you:
It is illegal to drive in bicycle lanes except to park where parking is permitted, to enter or leave the road, or to prepare for a turn. When the bicycle lane is clear, you must signal your intention of turning and then move into the bicycle lane before making the turn.
#10. When passing a truck, you should do the following except:
Do not cut in too quickly after passing a large vehicle. Look for the entire front of the vehicle in your rear-view mirror before pulling in front and do not slow down. By cutting in too soon, you take away the truck driver’s margin of safety and risk causing a crash. Truck and bus drivers need nearly two times more room to stop.
This question asked what you should not do.
#11. When approaching a stopped school bus with flashing red lights traveling in the opposite direction on an undivided roadway, you must:
You must stop your vehicle at least 20 feet before reaching a school bus that is stopped with its red lights flashing whether it is on your side of the road or the opposite side of the road.
#12. If you have been drinking alcohol, what will help you to sober up?
Only time will make a person sober.
While alcohol is absorbed rapidly into the system, it takes its time about leaving the body and the brain. Black coffee, food, or a cold shower might wake you, but they will not sober you. Once alcohol is in the blood stream, it must be broken down by the liver and oxidized. This process takes time.
#13. If you cannot get in the clear on the other side of a railroad crossing, you should:
Never get trapped on a crossing. When traffic is heavy, wait until you are sure you can clear the crossing before proceeding.
#14. When can it be unlawful to use your horn?
Never sound your horn when approaching or passing a horse.
Remember, you may use your horn when it is reasonably necessary to ensure safe operation. It is illegal to use your horn in all other situations.
#15. Alabama normally issues an adult driver license for:
Your driver license expires four years after it is issued and the expiration date is shown on the license. The license may be renewed at any time within 60 days prior to expiration at your Probate Judge or License Commissioner’s Office.
#16. When driving in fog, you should:
Keep headlights on low beam to reduce the glaring reflection of your lights on the thick fog blanket, heavy rain, or blinding snow.
#17. Which color is used for warning signs in construction and maintenance areas?
Orange is used as a background color for construction and maintenance warning signs. Warning signs are usually black and yellow, except those used in construction areas which are black and orange.
#18. Before you make a turn in front of a motorcycle with its turn signal flashing, you should:
Turn signals are not automatically self-canceling on most motorcycles. At times, the rider may forget to turn the signal off. Before making a turn in front of any vehicle, be sure the vehicle is turning and not continuing straight with a forgotten turn signal still blinking.
#19. To prevent skidding on slippery surfaces, you should:
A vehicle skids when its tires lose their grip on the roadway. This is caused by drivers traveling too fast for conditions. The best way to prevent skids or hydroplaning is to keep your speed down, avoid fast turns and quick stops, and have good tire tread.
#20. A conviction of illegal passing will result in the following number of points on your driving record:
Four points will be assessed for illegal passing.
#21. If you are traveling in the left lane on a multi-lane road and someone comes up behind you at a faster speed, you should:
If you are traveling in the left lane and someone comes up behind you at a faster speed, move one lane to your right. Do not tie up traffic in the left lane.
Safe use of freeways requires that you keep pace with traffic and stay alert. Slower moving vehicles must keep to the right.
#22. At a four-way stop, a driver should always yield the right-of-way to:
At a four-way stop, you must yield the right-of-way to the vehicle that reached the intersection first.
When more than one vehicle reaches the intersection at the same time the vehicle on the left must yield the right-of-way and allow the vehicle on the right to go first.
#23. On this road (white lines), traffic flows in:
White lines separate lanes of traffic traveling in the same direction.
#24. Which of the following equipment is allowed on your private vehicle?
Muffler cutouts, bypasses or similar devices are forbidden. Bells, sirens or exhaust whistles may not be used except for emergency vehicles. Red or blue lights showing from the front may not be used on a private car.
#25. What does this sign mean?
This sign warns that there is a flag man ahead. Always follow his or her directions.
#26. After passing a car and before returning to your lane, you should:
Do not return to the right lane too soon. Make sure you can see the entire front of the vehicle you have just passed in your interior rear view mirror.
#27. What is the meaning of this sign?
T-Intersection ahead. The road ends at an intersection. You cannot go straight ahead. You must turn left or right.
#28. A yield sign in your lane:
Slow down so you can yield the right of way to pedestrians crossing the roadway and to vehicles on the intersecting street or highway.
#29. When you park on a hill headed downhill and there is no curb, you should turn your front wheels:
Headed downhill with no curb, turn the wheels to the right or side of the road, so the car will roll away from the center of the road if the brakes fail.
Remember, when you park on a hill, the general rule is to turn your wheels sharply towards the side of the road or curb. This way, if your vehicle starts to roll downhill, it will roll away from traffic. However, when headed uphill at a curb, you should turn the front wheels in the opposite direction, away from the curb and towards the road. Then, let your vehicle roll backwards until the back of your front wheel touches the curb. The curb will stop your car from rolling into traffic.
#30. Which distance should you keep to emergency vehicles on an emergency run?
Only vehicles on necessary official business are permitted to follow within 500 feet of emergency vehicles on an emergency run.
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Study for Your Alabama Learner License
These sample test questions help you study for your Alabama Learner License.
The Learner License is the first step in the Alabama Graduated Driver License (GDL) program.
With this license you can practice driving together with a supervising parent, legal guardian, certified driving instructor, or a person who is at least 21 years old and holds an Alabama driver license. The supervising person must always sit in the front seat beside you.
Before You Study with the Practice Tests
Always start by getting a copy of the latest version of the Alabama Driver Manual. Get it online or from your Driver License District Office.
Study the manual until you have a good understanding of the content. Then, use the practice tests to check your progress and if you are ready or not for the exam.
These free Alabama practice tests have 30 random questions based on the Alabama Driver License Manual and real examination questions.
After each question, you’ll get instant feedback together with a short explanation. The explanation helps you find the information in the Alabama Driver Manual.
Your first step is to get a copy of the latest version of the Alabama Driver Manual. Get it online or from your Driver License District Office.
Study the manual until you have a good understanding of the content. Then, use the practice tests to check your progress and if you are ready or not for the exam.
The passing score in Alabama is 80 percent. On a practice test with 30 questions, you must answer at least 24 questions correctly. A rule of thumb is to take enough tests to make sure you answer at least 28 questions correctly.
Who Must Take the Written Knowledge Test
If you have not been licensed in Alabama before or if you let your driver license expire for more than three years, you must pass the required driver’s examination.
With an out-of-state license which has not been expired over one year, tests are waived, and you don’t have to take the exam.
New residents with a driver’s license from a country other than United States, Germany, South Korea, or Puerto Rico must pass the written knowledge test before getting a license.
Things You Should Know about the Alabama Exam
There is a fee for each test. If you fail the first time and must take the knowledge test again, you must pay the fee again.
The written knowledge test is available in the following languages:
All tests are now computerized. The automated tests are available to all applicants taking the driver license knowledge test.
If you are hearing impaired, tests are available in American Sign Language. Contact your local Driver License office to make sure they offer this type of examination. It may not be available at all locations.
If you are unable to read and comprehend a written test, the test stations has audio support. Ask for an oral examination.
How Many Questions are on the Alabama Knowledge Test?
The Alabama knowledge test has 30 questions. To reach the passing score of 80%, you must correctly answer 24 out of the 30 questions.
Read more: Passing Scores in other States
The test has questions on Alabama traffic laws, road signs, and rules of safe driving. You can find the answers to all test question in Alabama Driver Manual. So, don’t try to pass the exam without reading the manual.
Read more: Risky Study Tactics
If you are applying for a motor driven cycle or a motorcycle license, you will need to study the material found in the motorcycle manual.
Frequently Asked Questions – FAQ
- Any person in the employ or service of the United States Federal Government while driving or operating a motor vehicle owned or leased by the United States Federal Government.
- Any person while driving any farm tractor or implement of husbandry temporarily operated or moved on the highway.
- A non-resident at least 16 years old whose home country does not require licensing of drivers may operate a motor vehicle as a driver of not more than 90 days in any calendar year, if the vehicle operated is duly registered for the current year in the home country of the non-resident.
- A non-resident at least 16 years old who has in his immediate possession a valid driver license issued to him in his home state or country. This includes military personnel from other states and their families stationed in Alabama, even though their assignment in Alabama may be of long duration.
- A non-resident who has a valid driver license from the state of previous residence may drive without an Alabama license for 30 days after becoming a resident of the state.
- Any non-resident full-time student, properly enrolled and registered in a school, college, university, or trade school in this state, who holds a valid license from his home state or country.
- If you move to Alabama, you may drive without an Alabama license for 30 days after becoming a resident of the state. After 30 days, you must get an Alabama license.
- If you are a resident of another state or country, there is no time limit. You may drive as long as you hold a valid driver license.
In Alabama, teenagers may apply for a learner permit or learner license at age 15.
With a learner license, a teenager may drive a motor vehicle only while accompanied by a parent, legal guardian, certified driving instructor, or licensed driver who is age 21 or older. This person must occupy the seat beside the driver.
A restricted driver license is step 2 of the Alabama graduated licensing program. It is issued to teens who are 16 years or older and have passed the road skills exam.
It comes with night-time restrictions (no driving between midnight and 6 a.m.) and passenger restrictions (no more than one passenger in the vehicle other than parents, legal guardians or family members).
A restricted driver license must be held for at least six months, before proceeding to step 3 at age 17.
The Alabama stage II restricted license has 3 restrictions:
- Night time curfew: The holder must not drive during the hours of midnight to 6 a.m. unless:
- accompanied by a parent or legal guardian
- accompanied by a licensed driver who is age 21 or older with parent or legal guardian’s consent
- going to or from an event sponsored by school or religious organization
- going to or from place of employment
- driving for the purpose of a medical, fire or law enforcement related emergency.
- Passenger restriction: The holder must not have more than one passenger in the vehicle other than parents, legal guardians or family members.
- Handheld devices restrictions: The holder must not use any handheld communication devices while driving.
Violations of any of the Alabama graduated driver license law restrictions will result in the restrictive period being extended by six months or until the teenager is 18 years old.
No. If you are 18 years or older, you may apply an unrestricted (stage III) driver license.
If you are 17 years and have held a valid license from another state for more than 6 months, you may also apply for an unrestricted Alabama license.
Alabama does not record knowledge test failure rates. Compared to other states, the Alabama knowledge test is generally considered easy.
Video with Common Road Sign Questions
Some ALEA Driver License offices are closed to public access during the pandemic and only offer limited services available by phone, while others offer face-to-face services. [ List of open offices and those with limited services ]
To combat the spread of COVID-19, ALEA encourages everyone to use personal protection equipment and other safeguards during in-person Driver License transactions.