Driver's Prep - Free DMV tests

California DMV Test Questions & Answers – 100% FREE

This Practice Test
  Number of questions on each practice test: 25
  Question pool: 1,000+
  Each test is random



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#1. This sign means:

No U-Turn.

You cannot make a complete turn to go in the opposite direction where this sign is displayed.

If a sign has a red circle with a red line through it, it always indicates NO. The picture inside the circle shows what you cannot do. The sign may be shown with or without words.


#2. If you see a stray animal crossing the road in your path, you should:

If you see a stray animal in your path, slow down or stop if it is safe. Do not swerve as you may lose control of your vehicle and cause an accident.


#3. Which of the following factors affect an individual's absorption of alcohol?

The concentration of alcohol in the blood primarily changes with gender, body weight, time spent drinking, and the amount of alcohol that is consumed.


#4. When driving in parking lots and downtown areas, you should:

As a rule, drive more slowly:

  • In parking lots and downtown areas.
  • On roads with heavy traffic.
  • When you see the brake lights of several vehicles ahead of you.
  • Over narrow bridges and through tunnels.
  • Through toll plazas.
  • Near schools, playgrounds, and in residential areas.

#5. When stopping before a left turn, your front wheels should be turned:

While waiting to turn left, keep your wheels pointed straight ahead until it is safe to start your turn.

If your wheels are pointed to the left and a vehicle hits you from behind, you could be pushed into oncoming traffic.


#6. Which of the following is true about driving on a wet roadway?

Slow down when there is a lot of water on the road. In a heavy rain at speeds of 50 mph or more, your tires can lose all contact with the road and then your vehicle will be riding on water or hydroplaning. A slight change of direction or a gust of wind could throw your vehicle into a skid. If your vehicle starts to hydroplane, slow down gradually – do not apply the brakes.


#7. Road signs with orange background are used:

Highway construction and maintenance signs have orange background. Pay close attention when road work is being performed. Signs and message boards warn you of workers, slow-moving equipment, and closed lanes ahead.


#8. For which of the following must you always stop your vehicle?

A flashing red signal light or a steady red circular signal means stop. If a traffic signal light is blacked out, proceed as if the intersection is controlled by a stop sign in all directions. Meaning, you must stop, and may only proceed when you can do so safely.


#9. To make sure you are not driving in a truck's blind spot, you should:

When you follow so closely behind a truck that you cannot see the truck driver’s side view mirrors, the trucker cannot see you and has no way of knowing you are there.


#10. Every owner of a motor vehicle must maintain financial responsibility (liability coverage). The minimum amount your insurance must cover for property damage is:

The minimum amount your insurance must cover per collision is:

  • $15,000 for a single death or injury.
  • $30,000 for death or injury to more than one person.
  • $5,000 for property damage.

#11. When approached from behind by an emergency vehicle with activated lights and sirens, you must:

You must yield the right of way to any police car, fire engine, ambulance, or other emergency vehicle using a siren and red lights. Drive as close to the right edge of the road as possible and stop until the emergency vehicle has passed.


#12. In which situation is it necessary to always allow extra room in front of your vehicle?

You should allow a four-second or more following distance when:

  • Following motorcyclists or bicyclists, especially on wet or icy roads, on metal surfaces, and on gravel.
  • Following large vehicles that block your view ahead.
  • Driving on slippery roads.
  • Being crowded by a tailgater.
  • The driver behind you wants to pass.
  • Towing a trailer or carrying a heavy load.
  • Merging onto a freeway.
  • You see a bus, school bus, or a placarded vehicle at railroad crossings.

#13. What should you do when you see this sign?

Cross road or intersection. A road crosses the main highway ahead. Watch for other vehicles entering, leaving, or crossing the highway.


#14. Your car stalls on railroad tracks and a train is approaching. You should exit your vehicle and run in a 45-degree angle away from the tracks:

If warning lights are flashing/train is approaching immediately exit your vehicle and run in a 45-degree angle away from the tracks in the direction that the train is coming, and then dial 911.


#15. When a school bus with flashing red lights is stopped on the other side of a road with five or more lanes and a shared center turn lane, you should:

If the school bus is on the other side of a divided or multilane highway (two or more lanes in each direction), you do not need to stop.


#16. When is it safe to pass a vehicle stopped at a crosswalk?

Never pass a vehicle that has stopped at a crosswalk. It is illegal and dangerous. A pedestrian you cannot see may be crossing the street.

Stop, then proceed when all pedestrians have crossed the street.


#17. Roads are usually most slippery:

Many road pavements are the most slippery when it first starts to rain or snow because oil and dust have not yet washed away. Slow down at the first sign of rain, drizzle, or snow on the road. Turn on your windshield wipers, headlights, and defroster.


#18. With a valid Class C license (without special endorsements), you may drive:

With a valid Class C license, you may drive:

  • any 2-axle vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,000 lbs. or less.
  • any 3-axle vehicle weighing 6,000 lbs. or less gross.
  • any house car 40 feet or less.
  • a vanpool vehicle, designed to carry more than 10 but no more than 15 persons including the driver.

You may not tow more than one vehicle. Special endorsements or licenses are required for motorcycles, school buses, and vehicles carrying hazardous materials.


#19. A center lane with yellow pavement markings on both sides is:

A two-way left turn lane is found in the middle of a two-way street. It is marked on both sides by two yellow lines. The inner line is broken and the outer line is solid.


#20. Which of the following is true about use of your turn signal?

Always signal to other drivers when you change from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway.


#21. You are driving in the right-hand lane and approach this sign. What should you do?

Reduction of lanes (lane ends). There will be fewer lanes ahead.

Right lane ends. Traffic must merge left. Drivers in the left lane should allow others to merge smoothly.


#22. Which is the best rule to remember when it comes to turning on your headlights?

The best rule is to remember to turn on your headlights any time conditions prevent you from seeing other vehicles. Chances are other drivers may have trouble seeing you, too.


#23. When you park and leave your car, you must:

Never leave your car until you have stopped the engine, removed the key, and set the parking brake.


#24. When two vehicles from different directions arrive at the same time at an intersection where there are no signs or signals, which one should be given the right-of-way?

Yield to the vehicle that arrives first, or to the vehicle on your right if it reaches the intersection at the same time as you.


#25. A car passenger under two years of age must:

Children under 2 years old must be secured in a rear-facing child passenger restraint system unless the child is 40 pounds or more, or 3 feet 4 inches or taller. The law is effective since January 1, 2017.

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California DMV Knowledge Test – Quick Facts

What You Should Know
  Number of questions on exam: 46 – if under 18 years
36 – if 18 years and older
18 – renewal test
  Correct answers to pass: 36 – if under 18 years
30 – if 18 years and older
15 – renewal test
  Passing score: 83 percent
  Allotted time to complete test: No limit
  Wait time before retest: 7 days (3 attempts within 12 months)

Practice Permit Test & Driver License Test

The best way to study for your permit or full driver license test is to use both the Driver Handbook and these permit practice tests!

Make sure you get the latest version of the handbook and read it. Pay special attention to rules and laws that are specific for California .

Use the practice tests to verify what you have learned and if you are ready or not. Take enough sample tests at Driver’s Prep to make sure you can reach the perfect score of 100%. This way we can almost guarantee that you will pass the official exam.

Student taking practice tests

Each CA DMV practice test has 25 random questions based on the handbook and real questions from California DMV ( ). After every question on the practice test, you will get instant feedback with a brief explanation if your answer is incorrect.

The number of questions on the real California written test depends on your age and which test you take. If you are under 18 years, the permit test has 46 questions.

The passing score on the real DMV examination is 83 percent. On a permit test with 46 questions, this means you can only miss 10 questions. If you are 18 years or older, you can only miss 6 questions.

We help you to pass your DMV exam

Who Must Take the California Written Knowledge Test

You must always take a knowledge test, vision test, and road test when you apply for an original California driver license or upgrade to a different class of driver license.

If you have a license from another state, DMV will usually waive both the knowledge test and the road test.

After a license revocation, you must apply for a new license and re-take all necessary tests, including the knowledge test.

Holders of a driver’s license from a country other than Canada must also take all tests. California does not waive the knowledge test if you move to California from another country.

Computerized Tests with Touch Screens

Previously, you got the DMV knowledge test on paper. Today, you take the test on a computer with a touch screen. Instead of marking the correct answer with an “X”, the applicant now just taps the correct answer on a screen.

The new computer version has randomized questions just like our practice test, which means that no two tests are the same. The computer tests are available in several languages:

  • Arabic
  • Armenian
  • Chinese
  • English
  • Farsi
  • Hindi
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Punjabi
  • Russian
  • Spanish
  • Tagalog
  • Vietnamese

Computer tests speed up the exam process, but it is also a lot easier to misread and make a hasty decision. So, take your time and read everything carefully.

Read more about studying for your exam: How to Ace the DMV test.

Do Not Cheat!

Remember, the use of any testing aids is strictly prohibited. This includes, but is not limited to, the use of cell phones, cheat sheets, and the California Driver Handbook. If you use any aid during the written test, you will fail. An action may also be taken by the DMV against your driving privilege or the driving privilege of anyone else who assists you in the examination process.

Make an Appointment?

When you are ready for your test, make an appointment online at or call during normal business hours.

To make sure you have all necessary documents for your permit application, you should follow the REAL-ID checklist online at

You should have the following documents:

    ONE identity document that show full name and date of birth

You will typically bring the original or a certified copy of your U.S birth certificate, a valid and unexpired U.S. passport or passport card, or your unexpired permanent resident card.

    ONE original document that shows your name and full Social Security Number

It is best to bring your social security card, but a W-2 form or a pay stub with full SSN is also accepted by DMV.

    TWO Proofs of California Residency

You must provide two documents that show your first and last name together with your current mailing address. Examples of accepted documents are your rental agreement or mortgage bill, bank or credit card statements, your tax return, employment documents, or insurance documents.

A child may use a residency document in their parents’ name by presenting a tracing document (such as a birth certificate) showing the relationship.

After the California DMV Knowledge Test

If you pass the written knowledge test, California DMV issues a provisional permit (learner’s permit).

Once you have your permit, you may practice driving supervised by a parent, spouse, legal guardian, or certified driving instructor. You may also practice driving with any licensed California driver 25 years of age or older.

To learn more about California’s graduated driver license process, read this article: What is California Graduated Driver’s License ?

Videos to Help You Study

California DMV Test - 20 Road Signs You Must Know
46 questions for your California permit test practice
30 Test Questions for the DMV Test


Learn More!


  1. Janice Goldberg September 23, 2021

    The exact dmv written test answers. Passed first time.

  2. Thank you. I found this very helpful and passed the first time. Same questions.

  3. Stupid The DO NOT ENTER sign is also round!

  4. Angelika March 7, 2021

    How long did you study for the written exam?

    • Overall, 10-20 hours should probably do it. But we all learn differently, so this is only a rough estimate.

      If you aren’t enrolled in a education class, it’s a good idea to dedicate at least a few weeks before the exam and take it bit by bit, maybe 2-3 sessions per week. The more you spread your study sessions over a couple of weeks, the more you will remember when the day comes. There are a lot of research to support such a strategy.

  5. are there any tests like the English version in Farsi language

    • The official California knowledge test is available in farsi. Unfortunately, our practice tests are not.


  7. Pedro Robleto November 5, 2020

    I am 72 years my DL Exp on 06-24-20 how many Question have the Test for older people like me

    • Normally, a renewal test in California has 18 questions (15 corrected answers needed to pass). Often very basic questions.

      Due to the pandemic there is a free one-year extension available for Californians 70 years and older (noncommercial driver’s license). Beginning December 6, you should be able to renew online or by mail (even if your notification says that a visit is necessary).

      Read more: Seniors Now Eligible to Renew Driver’s Licenses Online

  8. Sheila Hinds October 8, 2020

    Thank you for all you answers, to our many questions. I am also a senior, and will take my renewal license written test in 2022. I am studying all the D.M.V practice test already, and very thankful to have them.

  9. Thelma Dover April 22, 2020

    I need a handbook to study but the DMV office is closed. Where can I get one? Thanks.

  10. my current extension expires 4/14/2020. with the current pandemic and all dmv field offices closed and not able to call Sacramento DMV until after 4/17/2020, where does that leave me? A

  11. Lupe Gonzales September 15, 2019

    I have been declared medically blind on one eye,can I be allowed to take the vision test and drive?

  12. Shirley Espinoza May 19, 2019

    I have studied and studied but of course nervous. I have a question that I can’t find an answer for. I have my test on June 4 and my birthday is June 6. If I fail and need to do again, do I need to do the driver’s test again? I have a clean record and need to know what to expect. I am a senior. I live in So. CA. Thank you.

    • The important question first: DMV will not ask for the behind-the-wheel test when you renew your license just because you fail the knowledge test.

      Secondly, the knowledge test for a renewal is usually very easy and has questions that you are probably very familiar with. Most drivers with some experience easily pass this renewal test. So, try not to be nervous about it. Read carefully, but don’t read too much into the questions. There aren’t any trick questions.

      With that being said, it is always up to the examiner’s discretion to ask for a practical driving test if there are reasons to believe that you have mental and/or physical condition or an inability to follow California traffic laws. This is rare and almost never comes as a surprise to a test taker.

  13. Evelyn Tobias Martin May 1, 2019

    If I’m out of the country and I can’t renew on time of my license can you still accept even I’m late, how many months or days do you allow. Thanks

    • California allows you to renew at any time. Process is the same. No late fees.

      An in-person DMV visit is required for the new Real ID driver’s license. To board a domestic flight in 2020, you will need a federally-compliant ID, such as a Real ID driver’s license.

      If eligible for online renewal , you may be able to apply for the old driver’s license online and replace it at a later point.

      Remember, there is no grace period when your license has expired. It is illegal for you to drive until your license is renewed.

  14. PAUL GERARD March 3, 2019

    on the california test there is a question ?12 about which way to turn wheels when downhill with not curb

    The correct answer should be toward the curb or “to the Right” not left which you say is the correct answer

    • You are correct about the proper way to turn the front wheels when parking downhill.

      But there is no question on the California tests suggesting that you should turn them the other way. There are five versions of this question (downhill with or without curb). Correct answers on these questions are “toward the curb”, “toward the side of the road”, “to the right”, or “away from the road”.

  15. Hi Mark, For a renewal license, how many mistakes to pass the test and how many questions for the test.
    Thank you.

  16. henry davis December 1, 2018

    I would like to know how I can take the oral test

  17. Virginia-Gigi Angeles Turpin August 16, 2018

    I just took my drivers renewal test last August 14,2018 @ ave L6 10 st west in Palmdale/Lancaster I had Roxanne to process my papers to take the written test and Allyssa to take the written test I was so nervous but both employee made feel that it will be ok both of them were so professional they made you at ease ..I thought I will have coronary attack both of them explained to me the computer and written test very well… the line was long coz there are too many who take the test and I understand it….took the written test coz Im not too good in computer Im old …but got 100% in the test and Alyssa made sure that Ihave an extension of my drivers license …both roxane and alyssa are perfect asset in your dept..thank you im waiting for my drivers renewal license..keep up the good work Roxanne and alyssa ..I suggest to the people who is taking the renewal test to study the 2018 booklet and you pass it…thank you..

  18. jamees paullin August 8, 2018

    quwationa 25,26,29 and 30 have nothing to do with the questions

  19. I have an appointment for my license renewal, do I have to stand in those 2 hour lines. If so, whats the deal of making an appointment. I live in CA

    • No you dont wait in line you go ahead right in and say you have an appointment

      • Odessa Hood Bolden July 12, 2019

        I am 81 yrs. old and I have too take a drivers test and on Aug. 27 I will 82yrs old, I would like to know what I can do so I don’t have to stand inline for 1 or too two hours. Please help me.

  20. Luis M. Vazquez February 27, 2018

    in spanish

    • The spanish version of the tests is postponed. We don’t have the resources to complete the project just yet.

  21. Is it possible to retake the driving test if my license need to be renew?

    • If you want to take a test that isn’t required for your renewal, this is usually up to the discretion of the DMV clerk.

      This works both ways. A clerk may ask you to take a test that is usually not required, if he or she believes that your ability can be questioned.

      Most renewals can be made without any tests. But if you need to visit a DMV office for your renewal, the note will tell you what tests you must take.

      Read more:

  22. Amalia Anguiano November 29, 2017

    Which test I take to renew my license

    • A renewal test is basically the same test, but with no questions about permit rules & restrictions and with only 18 questions.

  23. I already had a Ohio state license but moved to California a month back, so need to apply for California license. Thanks drivers prep . I cleared my written test for California dmv today with just two mistakes. Practice sample tests were really helpful.

  24. I failed DMV written test because half of the questions were not on your practice tests. I think you should update your practice test questions.

    • You failed your test because you didn’t know and/or understand the facts described in the California Driver Handbook. As simple as that.

      Our CA practice tests have more than 1,200 questions. With 8 completed practice tests, you covered less than 15 percent of them.

  25. Carol D, Piercy August 21, 2017

    Can someone please recommend a local driving instructor prior to dmv driving test in Palo Alto, ca.?

    Thank You

  26. Conny Thompson February 8, 2017

    I wish you would post what the correct answers are. You don’t learn this way

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