|This Montana Written Sample Test||Questions on each practice test:||33|
|Test type:||Random multiple-choice|
#1. What are sharrows?
Shared lane markings (also known as sharrows) are pavement markings to help bicyclists position themselves in the right location and in the right direction in a lane that is shared with motor vehicles. By following these markings of two arrows over a bicycle, cyclists can avoid being hit by the open door of a parked vehicle or getting squeezed next to a motor vehicle in a narrow lane.
When you see a shared lane marking, you must look out for bicyclists and make sure that you leave them enough space when passing.
Shared Lane Markings are not the same as the bicycle symbols that are used to mark bicycle lanes.
#2. What does this sign mean?
The bridge ahead is narrower than the road you are on. However, there is room to meet and pass, but with very little clearance.
#3. When traveling at 70 mph, what is your approximate stopping distance with perfect 4-wheel brakes under favorable conditions (distance your car will travel before it comes to a stop, including a thinking time of 3/4 second)?
A car traveling at 70 mph will need approximately 367 feet before it comes to a stop (including perception, thinking, and braking distance).
Table in your driver manual shows stopping distances with perfect 4-wheel brakes on best type of road service under favorable conditions.
#4. This red and white sign means:
The do not enter sign usually tells you that the road or street ahead is for one-way traffic traveling in the opposite direction. You must not enter the street so marked. It may be a one-way street in the opposite direction, or all vehicular traffic may be prohibited.
#5. Which is true about braking if you suddenly have a tire blowout while driving?
If a tire suddenly goes flat, hold the steering wheel tightly and keep the vehicle going straight. Slow down gradually. Take your foot off the gas pedal and use the brakes lightly. Do not stop on the road if at all possible. Pull off the road in a safe place.
Remember, if one of your tires becomes flat or you have a blowout, you might lose control of your vehicle.
#6. Drinking alcohol, even a little:
If you drink alcohol, even a little, your chances of being in a crash are much greater than if you did not drink any alcohol.
Remember, even one drink of alcohol can affect your driving. With two or more drinks in your bloodstream you are impaired and could be arrested.
#7. Trucks and buses have:
Never stay alongside a large vehicle such as a truck or bus. These vehicles have large blind spots, and it is hard for their drivers to see you. The blind spots exist on both sides, particularly alongside the cab, to the rear and in front of the cab (see illustration in the driver manual).
#8. A solid white line between lanes of traffic means:
Multiple lanes of travel in the same direction are separated by white lane markings.
A dashed (broken) white line between lanes of traffic means that you may cross it to change lanes if it is safe to do so.
A solid white line between lanes of traffic means that you are discouraged from changing lanes.
Double solid white lines prohibit lane-changing.
Solid white lines are also used along the side of the road show you where the outside edge of the travel lane is located.
#9. You should never attempt to overtake a bicyclist:
Motorists may not overtake and pass a person riding a bicycle unless it can be done without endangering the person riding on the bicycle. Trying to pass a bicyclist just before a turn is dangerous.
When a bicycle is traveling in your lane and you need to make a right-hand turn, always check to make sure the bicyclist has either stopped to let you turn, or allow the bicyclist to pass you before making the turn.
#10. It is dangerous and illegal to sound your horn when:
It is illegal to sound your horn when approaching or passing a horse. You must drive at a reasonable speed, and at a reasonable distance away from the horse.
#11. To prepare for hazards on the road, you should:
To be a good driver, you must know what is happening around your vehicle. You must look ahead, to the sides, and behind the vehicle. Scanning helps you to see problems ahead, vehicles and people that may be in the road by the time you reach them, signs warning of problems ahead, and signs giving you directions.
Remember, take in the whole scene. If you only look at the middle of the road, you will miss what is happening on the side of the road and behind you.
#12. If you see a pedestrian with a white cane attempting to cross the street, you must:
Pedestrians using a guide dog or carrying a white cane must always be given the right-of-way.
Do not use your horn because it could confuse or frighten the blind pedestrian.
#13. A regulation sign is normally:
Vertical signs, including square signs, are generally used for regulatory signs. They give instructions or tell you the rules of the road. Some warning signs may also have this shape.
In the horizontal position, the signs generally give directions or information.
#14. What does this sign mean?
Do not pass. You must not pass any vehicles going in the same direction as you are while you are in this area.
Passing signs tell you where it is safe to pass another vehicle and where you cannot. Passing areas are based on how far you can see ahead. Where it is permitted to pass, you may do so only if it is safe.
#15. When a police officer is directing you to drive against a red light, you should:
You must obey any traffic direction, order, or signal by a law enforcement officer.
#16. When entering a high-speed roadway from an entrance ramp you should not drive to the end of the ramp and stop. Why is this?
Do not drive to the end of the ramp and stop or you will not have enough room to get up to the speed of traffic. Also, drivers behind you will not expect you to stop. If they are watching the traffic on the main road, you may be hit from the rear. If you have to wait for space to enter a roadway, slow down on the ramp so you have some room to speed up before you merge.
This question asked what you should not do.
#17. What does a sign with eight sides mean?
Stop signs are always octagonal (eight-sided). A stop sign means that you must bring your vehicle to a complete halt.
#18. You are entering work zone. There is a temporary speed limit displayed. You must
Watch for and obey slower speeds limits. Fines for exceeding the speed limit in a work zone are doubled.
There is not a standard speed limit in construction or work zones. The Department of Transportation, local authority, utility company, or private contractor sets a speed limit specific to each zone.
#19. During step one of the Graduated Driver License program, a permit holder:
A permit holder must be supervised at all times.
A driver with a TELL permit must be supervised by a licensed parent or guardian.
A driver with a Learner License must be supervised by a licensed parent or guardian, or a licensed adult driver who is authorized by the parent or guardian.
#20. You should always wear your lap belt:
Safety belts should be worn properly. The lap belt should be drawn snugly across the hip bones. It should never be worn across the stomach or soft part of the abdomen.
#21. To avoid glare from high-beam headlights of an approaching car:
When meeting traffic at night, avoid looking directly at oncoming headlights. Instead, watch the right edge of the roadway and if an oncoming driver flicks his lights at you, check to be sure you have dimmed yours. The law not only requires dimming for approaching traffic, but it is courteous and safer to do so.
#22. If you have already entered an intersection to make a turn when the traffic signal changes from yellow to red, you should:
A steady yellow signal means caution. The signal is about to turn red. Do not enter an intersection against a steady yellow light unless you are too close to stop safely.
#23. When a traffic signal is showing a red arrow:
A steady red arrow means stop. Stop and remain stopped except for allowed turns on red.
When entering a two-way street, you may cautiously turn right after stopping. You may make the right turn unless a sign or police officer tells you not to turn against the red light.
When entering a one-way street from a one-way street, you may also turn left after stopping.
#24. What parts of a road might hold frost and ice while the rest of the road is dry?
On cold, wet days shady spots can be icy. These areas freeze first and dry out last.
Overpasses and other types of bridges also have icy spots. The pavement on bridges can be icy even when other part of the road is not. This is because bridges can be colder than other roadways. Remember, bridges and overpasses tend to freeze before the rest of the road does.
#25. After passing another vehicle and before returning to the proper lane, it is a good rule to:
Before you return to the driving lane, be sure to leave enough room between yourself and the vehicle you have passed. When you can see both headlights of the vehicle you have just passed in your rear-view mirror, it is safe to return to the driving lane. Do not count on having enough time to pass several cars at once. Also, do not count on other drivers making room for you or maintaining their speed.
#26. You approach a railroad crossing. There is heavy traffic ahead. You must stop before the crossing when:
Stop if you cannot cross and completely clear the tracks. Never stop on the tracks. Remember that a train cannot stop quickly or swerve out of the way. If you are on the tracks, you risk injury or death.
#27. Why is it important to allow a longer following distance when following motorcycles on wet or icy roads?
You need a longer following distance when following motorcycles. If the motorcycle should fall, you need extra distance to avoid the rider. The chances of a fall are greatest on wet or icy roads, gravel roads, or metal surfaces such as bridges, gratings, or streetcar or railroad tracks.
#28. When turning right, you must:
When turning right, signal your turn at least 100 feet ahead. Yield to pedestrians and crossing bicyclists.
#29. The driver in front of you signals (left arm extended horizontally out of open window):
Left turn – left arm extended horizontally out of open window.
#30. If you are involved in a minor crash and you are blocking traffic:
Stop your vehicle at or near the accident site. If your vehicle can move, get it off the road so that it does not block traffic.
#31. Proof of insurance is needed:
Under Montana law, motorists stopped for a traffic violation or involvement in a motor vehicle collision are required to show evidence of insurance to law enforcement, in addition to displaying their driver license and vehicle registration. Evidence of insurance must be carried in the vehicle at all times.
#32. To avoid getting tired on a long trip, you should:
When you are tired, you could fall asleep behind the wheel and crash, injuring or killing yourself or others. Stop at least every two hours for a short break, open the window or cold air vent to allow fresh air to circulate throughout the vehicle, sing or play the radio.
#33. When you park your car on the same side as an entrance to a fire station, you must keep this distance from the driveway entrance:
Do not park within 20 feet of a fire station driveway on the same side of the street, or within 75 feet of a driveway on the other side of the street.
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Facts about Your Montana Written Test
|Montana Written Knowledge Test for a Permit or Driver License|
|Number of questions on exam:||33 questions|
|Passing score:||82 percent|
|Correct answers to pass:||27|
|Allotted time to complete test:||No limit|
|Wait time before retest:||1 day|
Montana Permit Practice Tests
Each practice test has 33 random questions based on the handbook and real MT MVD tests. After each question, you’ll get instant feedback. If your answer isn’t correct, you’ll also see a short explanation. Use it to look up more information in the Driver Manual.
Break up your test practice in many sessions over a period of a week or more – this results in more solid knowledge.
Take practice tests until you reach 100% without guessing.
Don’t just memorize questions and answers – it is really important that you understand the information and the rules, since the wording may be slightly different on the real MVD knowledge test. Unless you understand all the information, you are not likely to pass the knowledge exam.
Remember, questions are drawn from a large pool of questions. You can take as many tests as you need to feel comfortable with all questions and answers.
Best Study Tactics
1 Start by getting the latest version of the Montana Driver Manual .
2 Read the manual from first to last page. MVD also offers an easy-to-read adapted/illustrated version of the Montana Driver Manual.
3 Take a few practice tests to check how much you learned.
4 Follow up on questions or answers you don’t understand. Discuss driving rules with a friend, teacher, or parent.
5 Continue with practice tests until you feel confident with all answers.
Read our article about Risky Study Tactics that Could Cause You to Fail .
A Few Areas to Focus on for Your Montana Written Test
Montana MVD has issued the following quick reminder with statements that you should know and understand to pass the knowledge test and get your learner’s permit. It is likely that several of them will appear on your test.
Solid yellow line means no passing
A yellow solid or unbroken line on the right-hand side of the center line means a no-passing zone. This is your side of the center.
Parking on hills
When parking on a hill with a curb, your front wheels should be turned as follows:
– Downhill: toward the curb
– Uphill: away from the curb
Handle a skid
When your car starts to skid:
– Look where you want to go
– Ease off the gas pedal
– Don’t apply the brakes
– Steer where you want to go
Right of way at uncontrolled intersections
When two vehicles approach an intersection without traffic signals at the same time, the driver on the left must yield the right of way to the driver on the right.
The driver on the right goes first.
Signaling before a turn
When preparing for a right turn, signal for at least 100 feet, check traffic to the rear and drive in the right-hand lane.
Signal for at least 300 feet in rural areas.
Places where you CANNOT park
It is unlawful to park:
– On a sidewalk or bridge
– Closer than 20 feet to a crosswalk at an intersection
– Closer than 30 feet to a stop sign, traffic light or flashing beacon
– Closer than 15 feet to a fire hydrant
– Closer than 20 feet to a fire station
– In front of the entrance to an alley or private driveway
– In any area reserved for disabled parking unless you are disabled.
Driving in school zones
In school zones, slow to 20 mph or other posted speed limit. Always watch for children.
Use of Headlights
Headlights must be turned on:
– From one half hour after sunset to one half hour before sunrise
– Anytime weather conditions make it hard to see
– When part of a funeral line
It is safest to drive with headlights on during both day and night so other drivers can see your vehicle.
Yield to Emergency Vehicles
When you hear the siren of an emergency vehicle you must pull over to the right and stop. Don’t stop within an intersection.
When you can pass on the right
Passing on the right is permitted only:
– When the roadway is wide enough for two cars to move legally in the same direction; and
– When the car ahead is making a left turn, providing you remain on the paved part of the highway.
What Happens if I Fail the Written Knowledge Test?
If you fail the test, you can retake it the next day. But it could be a good idea to wait at least three days and use the time to take several practice tests and review the driver manual again.
You study the rules of the road not only because you want to pass the test, but because you want to be a safe driver. Knowledge matters.
Should you fail the test three times (or not pass within 12 months), you must submit a new application and pay the required fees again.
Who Must Take the Montana MVD Knowledge Test?
When you apply for your first Montana Instruction Permit or Driver License, you must pass a vision screening and the written knowledge test.
For an unrestricted license you must also pass the road skills test.
Drivers with a license expired more than three months
You can renew a Montana Driver License within three months after the expiration date without retesting. If your license is more than three months expired, you must reapply as a new driver and pass all necessary tests.
Drivers with a revoked Montana license
If your license was revoked and the revocation period has ended, you may apply for a new driver license. Just like a first-time applicant, you must retake and successfully pass the knowledge, vision, and road skills tests.
Drivers with a license from another country
If you move to Montana, you must apply for a Montana driver license (or permit).
If you hold a license from United States or Canada, you can usually exchange your valid driver license for a Montana license without a knowledge or road skills test.
If you hold a license from other than United States or Canada, you must pass all tests.
GDL: Graduated Driver Licensing in Montana
Like all other states, Montana has a Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Law. The law outlines a three-step program that reduces the risk while new drivers under age 18 develop and improve their driving skills.
The steps include:
Step 1: Learner License
Step 2: Restricted License
Step 3: Full privilege Driver License
Teenagers typically start with the Learner License obtained in a driver education program. The minimum age is 14½ years.
To get a Learner License without a completing a driver education program, you must be at least 16 years.
You hold your Learner License for at least six months and practice driving under supervision for at least 50 hours (10 hours must be at night), before you move on to step 2.
During step 2, you have a restricted license that allows you to drive without a supervising driver, but you cannot drive alone at night. There is a night curfew between 11:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m., unless you must drive to or from work. There are a few other exceptions as well.
For the first six months with a restricted license, you can drive with only one non-family passenger under 18 years. During the next six months, you can drive with no more than three non-family passengers under 18 years.
The passenger restrictions don’t apply if you are supervised by a licensed parent or guardian, or a licensed adult driver who is authorized by the parent or guardian.
You must hold a restricted license for at least one year or until you are 18 years, whichever comes first.
After one year or when you are 18 years, you are entitled to a full privilege Driver License.