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This Montana Written Sample Test
  Questions on each practice test: 33
  Question pool: 1,000+
  Test type: Random multiple-choice



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#1. When are you required to stop at a railroad crossing?

By law, you must stop when:

  • There is a stop sign.
  • A warning signal tells you a train is approaching.
  • A crossing gate is lowered.
  • A flag person signals the approach of a train.
  • A railroad train emits a signal, indicating that the train is an immediate hazard.
  • An approaching railroad train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing.

#2. As the percentage of alcohol in your blood increases, you become more:

As the amount of alcohol in your body increases, your judgment worsens, and your skills decrease. The degree of impairment and the intensity of the effect will rise rapidly.


#3. Before getting out of your parked car on the traffic side of a street, you should:

Check traffic before you open the door. Get out of the vehicle on the curb side if you can. If you have to use the street side, check traffic before you get out. Shut the door as soon as you can after getting out.


#4. During a rainfall on a hot day, when are road pavements usually most hazardous?

If it starts to rain on a hot day, pavement can be very slippery for the first few minutes. Heat causes the oil in the asphalt to come to the surface. The road is more slippery until the oil is washed off.


#5. In which situation are you allowed to pass a school bus?

When meeting or overtaking a stopped school bus flashing alternating red lights, you must stop and wait until the bus moves again or the red lights are off. Police officers, school crossing guards, and school bus drivers themselves usually have the power to wave traffic on, even if red lights are flashing.


#6. You are about to drive, but cannot find the glasses you need to wear. What should you do?

If you need to wear glasses or contact lenses for driving, remember to always wear them when you drive, even if it is only to run down to the corner. If your driver license says you must wear corrective lenses and you are not and you happen to be stopped, you could get a ticket.

Try to keep an extra pair of glasses in your vehicle. Then if your regular glasses were to break or be lost, you can drive safely. This also can be helpful if you do not wear glasses all the time. It is easy to misplace them.


#7. Driving at night requires increased caution because:

Drivers cannot see as well at night, so slow down! Night driving requires that you consider not only the speed limit, but condition of the road, car, and weather. Reduced visibility, glare from oncoming headlights, animals crossing the road, and eye strain all combine to make night driving hazardous.

After being exposed to glare or bright lights it takes time for your eyes to readjust to less intense light. During this recovery period you may be driving as though blind.


#8. Which is true about a lane with double-dashed yellow lines?

Reversible lanes.

You may find some travel lanes are designed to carry traffic in one direction at certain times and in the opposite direction at other times. These lanes are usually marked by double dashed yellow lines. A green arrow means you can use the lane beneath it – a red X means that you may not.


#9. What does a sign with eight sides mean?

Stop signs are always octagonal (eight-sided). A stop sign means that you must bring your vehicle to a complete halt.


#10. Why should you allow more space in front of your vehicle when following a large truck?

The drivers of trucks, buses, vans, or vehicles pulling campers or trailers may not be able to see you when you are directly behind them. They could stop suddenly without knowing you are there. Large vehicles also block your view of the road ahead. Falling back allows you more room to see ahead and to be seen.


#11. When you plan to cross traffic and stop halfway across at a median divider, you must make sure that:

When you cross traffic, you need room to get all the way across. Stopping halfway across is only safe when there is a median divider large enough for your vehicle. Do not stop in a divider where part of your vehicle is sticking into traffic.


#12. A white cloth tied to a radio antenna or a door handle indicates:

If your vehicle breaks down on a highway, make sure that other drivers can see it. Lift the hood or tie a white cloth to the antenna, side mirror or door handle to signal an emergency.


#13. When children are nearby, what should you do before you back out of a driveway or parking lot?

If you are going to back the vehicle, it is a good practice to walk completely around the vehicle to be sure no person or obstacle is behind it. Children or small objects cannot be seen from the driver’s seat.


#14. Which is true about sharing the road with a bicyclist?

Motorists must grant people operating bicycles the same rights as the operators of any vehicle legitimately using Montana roadways.

Bicyclists also have the same responsibilities as other road users.


#15. Left turns against a solid red light are:

A steady red signal means stop.

When entering a two-way street, you may cautiously turn right after stopping. You may make the right turn unless a sign or police officer tells you not to turn against the red light.

When entering a one-way street from a one-way street, you may also turn left after stopping.


#16. You approach this traffic signal. Which is true about making a left turn at this intersection?

Left turns may proceed, if safe, but all others must stop. Right turning traffic may turn after stopping, if safe and not otherwise prohibited.


#17. When changing lanes, it is important to:

When changing lanes, it is important to check your blind spot. Your blind spot is the area of the road you cannot see without moving your head and looking over your shoulder.


#18. When may you drive at the maximum speed indicated by a speed limit sign?

Always obey the posted speed limit and take road conditions into consideration. If the road or weather is bad, you may need to drive below the speed limit.

Remember, speed limits are posted for ideal conditions. If the road is wet or icy, if you cannot see well, or if traffic is heavy, then you must slow down. Even if you are driving under the posted speed limit, you can get a ticket for traveling too fast under these conditions.

It is not always lawful to drive as fast as the posted speed limit.


#19. State law requires child restraints or safety belt use:

No person may drive a motor vehicle in Montana unless each occupant is wearing a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt. Children up to age 6 and 60 pounds must be buckled in a child safety seat.


#20. What should you do if you suddenly hear a thumping sound from your tires?

A thumping sound indicates that a tire has gone flat. If a tire suddenly goes flat, hold the steering wheel tightly and keep the vehicle going straight. Slow down gradually. Take your foot off the gas pedal and use the brakes lightly. Do not stop on the road if at all possible. Pull off the road in a safe place.

Remember, if one of your tires becomes flat or you have a blowout, you might lose control of your vehicle.


#21. You must reapply as a new driver and pass all applicable licensing tests if you:

If your license is more than three months expired, you must reapply as a new driver. You will need to provide acceptable documentation to prove identity, residency, and authorized presence. You will also be required to pass all applicable licensing tests. Also, make sure the full legal name and date of birth you are going to use on your application for a driver license or ID card matches what is on file with the Social Security Administration.


#22. A horn must be able to make sound that can be heard under normal conditions at least:

You horn must provide warning audible for 200 feet.


#23. What does this sign mean?

Deer crossing.

Deer often cross the highway in this area. Be alert. Slow down if you see a deer.


#24. If a law enforcement officer pulls you over on an interstate, you should stop:

Move your vehicle onto the right shoulder of the road. Do not move onto the center median. Do not stop in the center median of the interstate or on the opposite side of a two-lane road. This places both the driver and the officer in danger of being hit by oncoming traffic.


#25. When traveling at 30 mph on dry pavement, your approximate stopping distance is:

At 30 mph, it can take about 200 feet to react and stop. That is almost half a city block in length.

Remember, if you cannot see 200 feet ahead, you may not be driving safely at 30 mph. By the time you see an object in your path, it may be too late to stop without hitting it.


#26. What does this sign mean?

The Wrong Way sign is a supplement to the do not enter sign. It is placed along the exit ramp or the one-way roadway farther from the crossroad. It is used to identify a one-way street, expressway ramp or the wrong direction or wrong side of a divided highway. If you pass this sign, you are already driving against traffic. Turn around!


#27. If you plan to turn after an intersection, you should:

Be careful that you do not signal too early. If there are streets, driveways, intersections, or entrances between you and where you want to turn, wait until you have reached that point before signaling. For example: If you intend to turn into a driveway just after an intersection, wait until you pass the intersection before signaling.


#28. What does this sign mean?

This is a regulatory No Parking sign. It means that parking is not allowed at any time.


#29. White traffic signs display:

Regulatory signs have a red or white background and inform drivers of traffic laws or regulations. Some, such as SPEED LIMIT signs, may only include words. Others, such as NO U-TURN signs, use only images. Some are a combination of words and images.


#30. You have been involved in an argument before getting behind the wheel. You are angry and upset. In this situation, you should:

If you are angry or excited, give yourself time to cool off. If necessary, take a short walk, but stay off the road until you have calmed down.

Remember, emotions can have a great effect on your driving safely. You may not be able to drive well if you are overly worried, excited, afraid, angry, or depressed.


#31. When you want to exit a controlled-access highway, you should slow down:

Keep up with the speed of traffic as long as you are on the main road. If the road you are traveling has exit ramps, do not slow down until you move onto the exit ramp.


#32. Vehicles entering a roundabout must yield to:

Watch for and yield to pedestrians in the crosswalk. Yield to traffic already in the roundabout.


#33. If you are traveling in lane B (beneath a steady yellow X), you must:

Some travel lanes are designed to carry traffic in one direction at certain times and in the opposite direction at other times.

  • A green arrow means you can use the lane beneath it.
  • A red X means that you may not.
  • A flashing yellow X means the lane is only for turning.
  • A steady yellow X means that the use of the lane is changing, and you should move out of it as soon as it is safe to do so.
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Facts about Your Montana Written Test

Montana Written Knowledge Test for a Permit or Driver License
  Number of questions on exam: 33 questions
  Passing score: 82 percent
  Correct answers to pass: 27
  Allotted time to complete test: No limit
  Wait time before retest: 1 day

Montana MVD Practice Tests

Montana Permit Practice Tests

Each practice test has 33 random questions based on the handbook and real MT MVD tests. After each question, you’ll get instant feedback. If your answer isn’t correct, you’ll also see a short explanation. Use it to look up more information in the Driver Manual.

Break up your test practice in many sessions over a period of a week or more – this results in more solid knowledge.

Take practice tests until you reach 100% without guessing.

Don’t just memorize questions and answers – it is really important that you understand the information and the rules, since the wording may be slightly different on the real MVD knowledge test. Unless you understand all the information, you are not likely to pass the knowledge exam.

Remember, questions are drawn from a large pool of questions. You can take as many tests as you need to feel comfortable with all questions and answers.

Best Study Tactics

1   Start by getting the latest version of the Montana Driver Manual .

2   Read the manual from first to last page. MVD also offers an easy-to-read adapted/illustrated version of the Montana Driver Manual.

3   Take a few practice tests to check how much you learned.

4   Follow up on questions or answers you don’t understand. Discuss driving rules with a friend, teacher, or parent.

5   Continue with practice tests until you feel confident with all answers.

Read our article about Risky Study Tactics that Could Cause You to Fail .

We help you pass your DMV exam

A Few Areas to Focus on for Your Montana Written Test

Montana MVD has issued the following quick reminder with statements that you should know and understand to pass the knowledge test and get your learner’s permit. It is likely that several of them will appear on your test.

  Solid yellow line means no passing

A yellow solid or unbroken line on the right-hand side of the center line means a no-passing zone. This is your side of the center.

  Parking on hills

When parking on a hill with a curb, your front wheels should be turned as follows:
– Downhill: toward the curb
– Uphill: away from the curb

  Handle a skid

When your car starts to skid:
– Look where you want to go
– Ease off the gas pedal
– Don’t apply the brakes
– Steer where you want to go

  Right of way at uncontrolled intersections

When two vehicles approach an intersection without traffic signals at the same time, the driver on the left must yield the right of way to the driver on the right.

The driver on the right goes first.

  Signaling before a turn

When preparing for a right turn, signal for at least 100 feet, check traffic to the rear and drive in the right-hand lane.

Signal for at least 300 feet in rural areas.

  Places where you CANNOT park

It is unlawful to park:
– On a sidewalk or bridge
– Closer than 20 feet to a crosswalk at an intersection
– Closer than 30 feet to a stop sign, traffic light or flashing beacon
– Closer than 15 feet to a fire hydrant
– Closer than 20 feet to a fire station
– In front of the entrance to an alley or private driveway
– In any area reserved for disabled parking unless you are disabled.

  Driving in school zones

In school zones, slow to 20 mph or other posted speed limit. Always watch for children.

  Use of Headlights

Headlights must be turned on:
– From one half hour after sunset to one half hour before sunrise
– Anytime weather conditions make it hard to see
– When part of a funeral line

It is safest to drive with headlights on during both day and night so other drivers can see your vehicle.

  Yield to Emergency Vehicles

When you hear the siren of an emergency vehicle you must pull over to the right and stop. Don’t stop within an intersection.

  When you can pass on the right

Passing on the right is permitted only:
– When the roadway is wide enough for two cars to move legally in the same direction; and
– When the car ahead is making a left turn, providing you remain on the paved part of the highway.

  Download these reminders

What Happens if I Fail the Written Knowledge Test?

If you fail the test, you can retake it the next day. But it could be a good idea to wait at least three days and use the time to take several practice tests and review the driver manual again.

You study the rules of the road not only because you want to pass the test, but because you want to be a safe driver. Knowledge matters.

Should you fail the test three times (or not pass within 12 months), you must submit a new application and pay the required fees again.

Who Must Take the Montana MVD Knowledge Test?

  First-time applicants

When you apply for your first Montana Instruction Permit or Driver License, you must pass a vision screening and the written knowledge test.

For an unrestricted license you must also pass the road skills test.

  Drivers with a license expired more than three months

You can renew a Montana Driver License within three months after the expiration date without retesting. If your license is more than three months expired, you must reapply as a new driver and pass all necessary tests.

  Drivers with a revoked Montana license

If your license was revoked and the revocation period has ended, you may apply for a new driver license. Just like a first-time applicant, you must retake and successfully pass the knowledge, vision, and road skills tests.

  Drivers with a license from another country

If you move to Montana, you must apply for a Montana driver license (or permit).

If you hold a license from United States or Canada, you can usually exchange your valid driver license for a Montana license without a knowledge or road skills test.

If you hold a license from other than United States or Canada, you must pass all tests.

GDL: Graduated Driver Licensing in Montana

Like all other states, Montana has a Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Law. The law outlines a three-step program that reduces the risk while new drivers under age 18 develop and improve their driving skills.

The steps include:

  Step 1: Learner License
  Step 2: Restricted License
  Step 3: Full privilege Driver License

Teenagers typically start with the Learner License obtained in a driver education program. The minimum age is 14½ years.

To get a Learner License without a completing a driver education program, you must be at least 16 years.

You hold your Learner License for at least six months and practice driving under supervision for at least 50 hours (10 hours must be at night), before you move on to step 2.

During step 2, you have a restricted license that allows you to drive without a supervising driver, but you cannot drive alone at night. There is a night curfew between 11:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m., unless you must drive to or from work. There are a few other exceptions as well.

For the first six months with a restricted license, you can drive with only one non-family passenger under 18 years. During the next six months, you can drive with no more than three non-family passengers under 18 years.

The passenger restrictions don’t apply if you are supervised by a licensed parent or guardian, or a licensed adult driver who is authorized by the parent or guardian.

You must hold a restricted license for at least one year or until you are 18 years, whichever comes first.

After one year or when you are 18 years, you are entitled to a full privilege Driver License.

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